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Unive r s i d a d

Na c i o n a l

de L o j a

Instituto de Idiomas

Editor and Project Manager :

Sandra Janneth Ochoa de Maldonado

English Workshop II “The will leads you to the way”

L oj a - Ec u a d o r

UNIT 2: Great minds from the past

Simon BolivarLiberator of South America Born: July 24 1783 Birthplace: Caracas, Venezuela Best Known As: el Libertador of 19thcentury South America
“Unity, unity, unity, must be our motto.”


Venezuelan-born Simón Bolívar liberated much of South America from Spanish rule in the 19th century and became one of Latin America's greatest heroes.

known: past participle of
know : to be or become familiar with a person, place etcs. to have knowledge or information about something.

ARTBorn to a privileged family, he was orphaned as a child and raised by tutors, among them Simon Rodriguez. He joined the Venezuelan revolution in 1810 and gained military victories and independence (1813), but in the civil war that followed his forces were defeated by a royalist army (1815). After exile in Jamaica, he returned to lead rebel forces based in Orinoco. In 1819 he defeated the Spanishand established the republic of Greater Colombia, a federation that included present-day Venezuela, Colombia, Panama and Ecuador. His vision of a united South America was never realized; various separatist movements and resentment toward his dictatorial methods prevented political stability. Bolivia is named for Bolivar.

became: past tense and
past participle of become: to begin to be something,or to feel something.

defeat: failure to win or

portrait: a description of
Oswaldo Guayasamin Ecuadorian Artist exhibition a public show where people can go and see paintings, photographs etc. won: past tense and past particile of win: to be the best or most successful in a competition, game, war , etc. someone or something in a book, film etc

In 1948 he won the first prize atthe Ecuadorian Salon Nacional de Acuarelistas y Dibujantes. In 1955, at the age of 36, he won first prize at the Third Hispano-American Biennial of Art in Barcelona, for ''El ataúd blanco and in 1957 he was named the best South American painter at the Fourth Biennial of São Paulo

“My painting is meant to hurt, to scratch, and to hit in the heart of people. To show what Mankinddoes against Mankind.” a picture from

He was an Ecuadorian, master painter and sculptor. He was born on July 6 1919 in Quito to a native father and a Mestiza mother. He created a Pan-American portrait of human and social inequalities who reached international recognition. He graduated from the School of Fine Arts in Quito as a painter and sculptor. He held his first exhibition when he was 23, in1942.


Use the Simple Past to express the idea that an action started and finished at a specific time in the past. Sometimes, the speaker may not actually mention the specific time, but they do have one specific time in mind.


These words are used frequently with the Simple past :


night week month year weekend


Sunday MondayTuesday August December January

BE morning yesterday afternoon evening
I = was You = were He = was She = was It = was We = were They = were

AGO: it is used after a time expression, at the end of the sentence, (in simple past tense only) to express when the action was done. e.g. minutes ago, two days ago, long time ago, other words like:way back, before, among others. When did you come? I camethree days ago.


(+) Affirmative Statements

(-) Negative Statements
was not (wasn´t)/ were not (weren´t) Subject + form of the verb Be in past + not Complement.

Subject + form of the verb Be in past + Complement.
1. Life was different in the past. 2. I was a little stressed yesterday. 3. Carmela and Andrew were in Paris last month. 5. Lady Diana was born in...
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