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http://www.jstor.org Fri Jan 11 14:30:49 2008The Economic Organisation of a P.O.W. Camp
By R. A. RADFORD AFTER allowance has been made for abnormal circumstances. the social institutions, ideas and habits of groups in the outside world are to be found reflected in a Prisoner of War Camp. I t is an unusual but a vital society. Camp organisation and politics are matters of real concern to the inmates, as affecting their present andperhaps their future existences. Nor does this indicate any loss of proportion. No one pretends that camp matters are of any but local importance or of more than transient interest, but their importance there is great. They bulk large in a world of narrow horizons and it is suggested that any distortion of values lies rather in the minimisation than in the exaggeration of their importance. Human affairsare essentially practical matters and the measure of immediate effect on the lives of those directly concerned in them is to a large extent the criterion of their importance at that time and place. A prisoner can hold strong views on such subjects as whether or not all tinned meats shall be issued to individuals cold or be centrally cooked, without losing sight of the significance of the AtlanticCharter. One aspect of social organisation is to be found in economic activity, and this, along with other manifestations of a group existence, is to be found in any P.O.W. camp. True, a prisoner is not dependent on his exertions for the vrovision of the necessaries. or even the luxuries of life, but through &his economic activity, the' exchange of goods and services, his standard of materialcomfort is considerably enhanced. And this is a serious matter to the prisoner : he is not " playing at shops " even though the small scale of the transactions and the simple expression of comfort and wants in terms of cigarettes and jam, razor blades and writing paper, make the urgency of those needs difficult to appreciate, even by an ex-prisoner of some three months' standing. Nevertheless, itcannot be too strongly emphasised that economic activities do not bulk so large in prison society as they do in the larger world. There can be little production ; as has been said the prisoner is independent of his exertions for the provision of the necessities and ltururies of life ; the emphasis lies in exchange and the media of exchange. A prison camp is not to be compared with the seething...