Adjectives are one of the eight parts of speech that express an attribute of a place, thing or a person. In simpler words, adjectives describe, qualify or modify nouns. Adjectives precede the noun in a sentence. There can also be more than two adjectives qualifying a noun. The list of adjectives in English are categorized into two types; limiting adjectives and descriptiveadjectives.
Limiting adjectives are used to specify only certain or specific nouns. They are limited to the noun that they describe and hence, are known as limiting adjectives. The types of limiting adjectives are possessive adjectives, demonstrative adjectives, numerical adjectives, interrogative adjectives, and proper adjectives.
eg- His book (possessive adjective)Shakespearean drama (proper adjective)
Descriptive adjectives is the largest group among the types of adjectives. Descriptive adjectives describe the noun in detail by assigning an attribute of that noun. The list of descriptive adjectives is considered nearly unending as there are adjectives describing nearly every noun. Descriptive adjectives are primarily differentiated intosimple adjectives and compound adjectives.
(1) Simple Adjectives
Simple adjectives are single words that are commonly used to describe a noun.
eg- good, happy, bad, thin, etc
(2) Compound Adjectives
Two or more adjectives, used consecutively, that describe the same noun, are known as compound adjectives. They are hyphenated to avoid confusion between the two adjectives. The most commoncompound adjectives are the ones when adjectives precede nouns like 'blue-sky' or when adjectives are preceded by verbs as in 'feel-good'. When two or more colors are used as adjectives, there is always a hyphen between them.
eg- middle-aged, short-sighted, bluish-green
If there is no hyphen between two adjectives, there can be an ambiguity in the meaning of the sentence. The followingexample will be beneficial to illustrate this.
eg- A man-eating tiger.
As the adjectives are hyphenated, it is clear that they describe the noun, 'tiger'. Now, consider the following example,
eg- A man eating tiger.
Here, there is no hyphen between the two words, neither are they considered adjectives. The sentence clearly means that a man is eating a tiger.
The following is the list ofdescriptive adjectives that are categorized according to ones that describe qualities, personality traits, colors, sizes, shapes, sounds and feelings.
Descriptive Adjectives List
|List of Descriptive Adjectives Describing |List of Descriptive Adjectives Describing |List of Descriptive Adjectives Describing|
|Appearance |Personality|Feelings |
|Adorable |Aggressive |Afraid |
|Attractive |Ambitious |Angry |
|Alluring |Amused|Anxious |
|Beautiful |Brave |Bad |
|Bewildered |Bright |Bored |
|Confident |Cruel|Calm |
|Cheerful |Combative |Confused |
|Cultured |Co-operative |Comfortable |