Ensayo de huicholes. tepehuanos, mexicanero y coras en ingles

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  • Publicado : 25 de noviembre de 2010
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Huichol

The Wixárika, also known as Huichol inhabit the central western Mexico in the Sierra Madre Occidental, mainly in the states of Jalisco, Nayarit and parts of Durango and Zacatecas.Divided into five communities, each of which is autonomous, has its own civil and religious. The Huichol ethnonym was given by the Aztecs in a derogatory manner to Wixarrikas since before the Spanish Conquest.The Wixaritaris speak a language of cora-Chol group that is closely related to the Nahua or aztecoide group. They have also been influenced by Mesoamerican, which is reflected in the Huichol has features typical of Mesoamerican linguistic area. The claim Tepehuano currently wixarika populations were Tepehuanes in the past. Historical documents indicate that by the sixteenth century, wixárikahad reached the northern region of Jalisco. The Spanish who explored the region that became Jerez report that they found guachichiles bands in the region that had evicted the Zacatecas who had lived there. The traditional dress varies from one region to another and is characterized by its striking and elaborate clothing, clothing for women consists of a blouse cut in a single color, inside andoutside skirts, with a floral blanket to cover the head and necklaces beads.The men wear white cotton trousers and shirts of the same material that have opened the bottom of the sleeves, these garments are embroidered with intricate symmetrical designs of colors. The Huichol are a group proud of its cultural wealth, are cheerful, communicative and hospitable, and is often seen carrying their colorfultraditional clothing made of cloth embroidered with bright colors. Their religion consists of four principal deities: Corn, eagles, deer and peyote are all descendants of the Sun, "Tau". The music and dancing among prehispanic Wixaritari have strong features and is part of the ritual that honors the divine. The dances are not very varied and very simple steps, bringing the rhythm with their feet.The Wixaritari, are one of the indigenous cultures who have knowledge and ancient traditions, a world view and different, and today the Wixaritari looking to find a dialogue with western culture we call and kept, meet the challenges of globalization.

Coras

The Coras are an ethnic group living in the mountains of Nayarit, and more precisely in the municipality of El Nayar, in the eastern stateof Nayarit (Mexico). They also have settlements in the state of Jalisco, Nayarit neighbor. The Coras are named themselves Nayeri, ethnonym from which it derives the name of the state of Nayarit. The Cora language is an indigenous language of Mexico, and is spoken only by a part of this ethnic group. Nayeri language, as they call themselves Cora to their language belongs to the Mesoamericanlinguistic area, and is related to languages such as the Huichol language and more distantly to Nahuatl. Cora religion is the result of syncretism between traditional religion and Catholicism hearts, which was introduced in Nayarit after the Spanish conquest. Cora religion has three main deities. At early ages Tayau priests, the Tonati, were the highest authority in the Cora communities. His wife isTetewan the goddess of fertility associated with the moon, rain, and the cardinal point west. Alternate names are Hurima and Nasisa. His son Sautari-name which translates as The Harvester Flower "is associated with maize and evening. Other names for it are Hatsikan, "Big Brother" and Thahash and Ora. In the religious syncretism Cora Sautari is identified with Jesus Christ. Cora myths that persist tothis day have a clear origin Mesoamerican. This is the case of the creation myth of the Fifth Sun The men's dress is simple, panties blanket that is tied to the waist and ankles, the shirt can be any material fresh and unusual colors are the strong tone, red, turquoise, yellow, green and ever-Shirt, sandals: there are two types of double-strand (for orcapollo) that are sustained by the big toe...
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