During his Presidency at the Great Depression, Franklin D. Roosevelt helped the American people gain hope in themselves. He was born in 1882 at HydePark, New York and attended Harvard University and also Columbia Law School. On St. Patrick's Day on 1905, he married Eleanor Roosevelt. He won election tothe New York Senate in 1910. In the year of 1921, when he was 39 he had been stricken with polio. Demonstrating his courage, he fought to gain the use ofhis legs, through swimming. In 1928 Roosevelt became Governor of New York and later he was elected President in November 1932. On the Great Depressionduring March there were 13,000,000 unemployed, and almost every bank was closed. In his first "hundred days," he proposed a sweeping program to bring recoveryto business and agriculture, to the unemployed and to those in danger of losing farms and homes. By 1935 the Nation had achieved recovery, but businessmenand bankers were turning more and more against Roosevelt's New Deal program. Roosevelt responded with a new program of reform Social Security, heaviertaxes on the wealthy, new controls over banks, public utilities, and an enormous work relief program for the unemployed. Roosevelt felt that the futurepeace of the world would depend upon relations between the United States and Russia, he devoted the planning of a United Nations, in which, he hoped thatdifficulties could be settled between the nations. As the war drew close, Roosevelt's health worsened and on April 12, 1945 died of a cerebral hemorrhage.