Grammar

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Verbs

1. What are verbs?
2. Types of verbs
3. Objects and compliments
4. Auxiliary verbs
5. Questions and negative forms
6. Emphasis and contrast
7. Form(Infinitive forms, -ing, past tense and past participles, irregular verbs

What are verbs?

* Doing and action words (e.g. to describe actions: hit, paint).
* Express other meanings (e.g.existence: be, become, exist).
* Mental conditions and processes (e.g. believe, enjoy).
* Relationship (e.g. depend, determine).

Wisdom is the ability to see, understand and know clearly anddeeply, and to speak and act from that understanding. Wisdom sees into the heart of things. It comes from a deep connection with oneself, and also connects us with all life.
To make the barbeque sauce,sauté the chopped garlic in the oil for one minute. Discard the garlic and add the vinegar, wine, Worcestershire sauce, tomato ketchup, a few drops of Tabasco and water to the pan. Bring to the boiland simmer for 6 minutes, stirring occaisionally.

Types of verbs

* Main verbs:
* Don’t need to be accompanied by other verbs.
* Convey the key meaning in any group of verbs.
* Theexamples of verbs given in the coloured slides are main verbs. (is can also act as an auxiliary verb). Main verbs have at least 3 different forms. – e.g. : drive, drove, driving, driven are all formsof drive.
* Main verbs:
* Combine with other verbs: Auxiliary verbs or auxiliaries to form phrases of two or more words. (E.g. has been driving, may receive).
* Most common auxiliaryverbs are: am, is, are, was, were, being, been, have, has, had, do, does and did

Many verbs can function as both event and state verbs. E.g. smell and have, describing a sniffling action to detectodour and a physical activity.
(Event)
I always smell cooked meat to make sure it hasn’t gone off.
I have a shower in the mornings.
(State)
Change from describing something we do to describing...
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