Guia examen extraordinario de ingles 2°

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SECRETARÍA DE EDCACIÓN PÚBLICA
Dirección General de Secundarias Técnicas
Escuela Secundaria Técnica #13 “Susana Ortiz Silva”.
Coquimatlán, Col. 06DST0029H

Guía de inglés para 2°

5.1 TALKING ABOUT THE PAST
¿Cómo se usa el pasado simple?

Se usa el pasado simple para referirse a
algo que sucedió en el pasado.
ej: I lived in Paris for 1 year.
Vivía en Paris durante un año
-----|- 1year in Paris-|---------- Now I live in London
-----|- 1 año en Paris-|---------- Ahora vivo en Londres

Notas: En inglés no se diferencia entre vivía y viví.
Si quieres enfatizar de que algo sucedía con cierta regularidad o de forma permanente en el pasado se puede usar. "used to + verbo"
"used to" = "solía"
Por ejemplo:
I used to live in London = Solía vivir en Londres o vivíaen Londres.

Como se construye una frase
AFIRMATIVO
Subject Verb
(past form) Adverbial
I
you
he
she
it
we
you
they
John went to the beach yesterday.

NEGATIVO

Subject Auxiliary Verb
(Infinitive) Adverbial
I
you
he
she
it
we
you
they
John did not
didn't
go to the beach yesterday.

PREGUNTA
Question Word Auxiliary Subject Verb (infinitive)Adverbial
When
Why
How
Where
etc. did I
you
he
she
it
we
you
they
John go to the beach yesterday?

ADVERBIOS
Frase Adverbio
I went to Madrid
Fui a Madrid yesterday. ayer
last week. la semana pasada
last month etc el mes pasado
recently recientamente
Para decir "hace cuanto tiempo" usamos AGO 2 days ago hace 2 días
2 weeks ago hace 2 semanas
5 years agohace 5 años
a long time ago hace mucho tiempo
Para decir "durante cuanto tiempo" usamos FOR for 2 weeks durante 2 semanas
for 5 months durante 5 meses

Notas:
A menudo el adverbio va al final de la frase pero no siempre.
Ej.
Two weeks ago, I went to the cinema I went to the cinema two weeks ago
El verbo "to be" en pasado.
Se ve como se forma "to be" en pasado
en la tablaabajo
Pronombre Presente Pasado
I am was
You are were
He is was
She is was
It is was
We are were
You are were
They are were

Ejemplos del pasado simple
Observa los verbos resaltados en negrita. Son vrebos en pasado simple.

CINDERELLA
Cinderella lived in a small village in the north of England. She had two sisters; they were very ugly. She got up every morning at six o'clock, thenshe made breakfast for her sisters, and afterwards she cleaned the house. She worked all day. Her two ugly sisters were very lazy; they never did any work because Cinderella did everything. Cinderella was very unhappy.
One day, the postman came to the house. He gave Cinderella's sister an envelope . In the envelope there were three invitations to a party at the Prince's house. She said to hersisters, "Fantastic! There is a party at the Prince's house. I can wear my new red dress and Esmerelda can wear her new blue dress, but Cinderella can't go because her dress is old and dirty and she hasn't got any shoes."
On Saturday at 8 o'clock, the ugly sisters went to the party. Cinderella sat in the kitchen. She was very sad. There was a ring at the door. Cinderella opened the door. There was awoman. She said, "Hello! I am your Fairy Godmother. Why are you sad?" Cinderella said, "I want to go to the party but I haven't got any beautiful clothes." The Fairy Godmother said, "No problem, here is a new dress and some glass shoes. There is a golden bicycle in the street. Now you can go to the party, but you must return before 12 o'clock." Cinderella said, "Thank you." She put on the glassshoes and the red dress. She looked very pretty. Then she went to the party by bicycle.

SIMPLE PAST VERBOS REGULARES.

- En la mayor parte de los casos, el 'simple past' se forma añadiendo -ed al final del verbo. A estos verbos se les conoce como verbos regulares.

Dentro de esta regla general, hay que tener en cuenta algunos cambios ortográficos:
* Cuando el verbo regular termina en -e...
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