“DR. NAZARIO V. MONTEJO GODOY”
YUCATAN HACIENDAS: XCANCHAKAN
YOLINSE ZUREZADAY TUN FLORES
24 SEPTEMBER 2010
The haciendas of Yucatan are a living example of the history of our State: they preserver the occupations, trades and cultura ofthe individuals who people a past of conquest and want, but also of glory.
The book Haciendas of Yucatan: chronicle of a Renaissance offers a guide to the different haciendas of Yucatan, looking at their diverse origins, history and modern roles. The text constitutes a testimony to the rebirth of the haciendas, allowing us to discover the current state of the buildings, activities that arecarried out in each one and the location of the most important examples in the States.
This book explain the integration of the contemporary hacienda into the economic, social, ecological and cultural life of our society; and contributes to our cultura by reclaiming the importance of the haciendas as a fundamental element of the country, of our Yucatan.
As witnesses to a recentpast – as architectural monuments in some cases, as examples of wat is now called “historical heritage”, ore ven as potential sources of income for the State- the old buildings which housed the haciendas of Yucatan today comprise a rich cultural treasure whose value has only recently begun to be recognized.
In synthesis, the life- or “lives”- of the haciendas of Yucatan could be summed up bysaying they began as stretches of land and modern buildings designed for working the land- first manually, then whit machinery- , they then spent decades and decades as ruin until today, went post- modernity has opened our eyes to the past in its quest for preservation of ever-endangered indentity.
This ends where Telchaquillo road to get there is necessary to take the roadto Kanasín-Acanceh-Telchaquillo and after about an hour we will see and splendor of Xcanchakán.
Hacienda Xcanchakán was one of several large estates that belonged to the Peón family, leading members of the interrelated Yucatan landowning class and ruling elite. Located near the town of Tecoh, it was originallyfounded as an encomienda and was one of the most southerly of the great colonial estates. Formerly confined to the raising of corn and cattle, it prospered as a sugar plantation during the boom of the early 1800s. Later, it was converted into a henequen estate, the epitome of industrialized agriculture, another boom that flourished briefly from the late 1800s into the early 1900s.
To Xcanchakán youcan be interpreted in two ways: in maya is female symbol, can be translated as "Viper plain or Savannah" or "four Plains or savanna".
But these performances we should make the wise in that regard, since Indians bautizaban their towns and cities and Spaniards deformed their names as understood by them.
Known heirs Solis relationship of León and is as follows: José, Alfonso, Andrés, Guadalupe,Otilia, Francisco, Pedro and Fernando Solís camera, this last being which acquired all shares of Don Vicente Solís Leon who called them Xcanchakán and attached.
Finances had cattle until 1937 when the lands were distributed to farmers. Also can be seen the remains of a factory that produced the product to the city of Mérida and since 1850 the hennequen ice was occupying the importance of livestock.Also has a station located within walking distance of the estate. . It was in 1800s when stands the Chapel and drop clock so far looks at the top of the third floor.
The estate has a cenote that was the site of the Ferris wheel whose magazine well shows carved stones that abound in all the inheritance. There is a worn stele and a figurehead parts that are embedded in the wall between brought...