The region of Central Asia mainly includes the Soviet republics of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, as well as Afghanistan, XinjiangAutonomous Region in China, and Mongolia.
People who inhabit this region share common elements, both ethnical and cultural, the majority of them of Turkish origin, as is the caseof Chinese Uygur and Mongol Tartars.
Over the centuries, V, VI and VII AD, Central Asia was a great center of knowledge, besides to be an important bridge of culturaltransmission.
The musical tradition of this region started in shamanic music. With the Islam, this music adopted the Arabic system, but maintaining its characteristics and healingqualities.
This musical tradition has produced many musical instruments, such as evidenced in the Chinese tradition, Persian and Turkish
Its tradition dates back to2500 BC, it is of religious origin and is linked to the court ceremonies and ritual theater.
Among the oldest instruments in this country we can find the kin (which is similar to theflute, but with seven strings).
This music was developed from Chinese music, but it has its own evolution. Singing is accompanied by flutes and drums. The music wasborn in the sixteenth century.
One of its main instrument is the koto, a thirteen-string zither and the samisen, a serious flute.
In Indian, classical music is inthe top. The protagonist is the improvisation of the performer from very strict rules. The traditional belief, attributed to the raga magical powers to bring rain or care diseases.Among the main instruments are the vina, a kind of zither, the sitar, long-necked flute of three modificable cymbals, a set of two drums that produce an incredible variety of sounds.