The English language is a West Germanic language that emerged in the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England and spread to what would become the southeastern Scotland under the influenceof the Kingdom of North Umbria. Through the influence of economic, military, political, scientific, cultural and colonial Britain and the United Kingdom since the eighteenth century , via the BritishEmpire , and the United States since the mid- twentieth century , three four five six English has been widely spread worldwide, becoming the main language of international discourse and lingua francain many regions. The English language is widely studied as a second language is the official language of many countries of the Commonwealth and is one of the official languages of the European Unionand many organizations worldwide. It is the third most widely spoken native language in the world, after Mandarin Chinese and Spanish.
Historically, English originated from the fusion of languagesand dialects, now collectively called Old English or Anglo-Saxon , who were taken to the east coast of Britain by Germanic settlers, the Anglo-Saxons , to the V century AD The word English isderived of Anglos . A significant number of English words are built on roots of Latin, as this was the lingua franca of the Christian Church and European intellectual life for centuries. The Englishlanguage influences received after Old Norse because the Viking invasions of Britain in the centuries VIII and IX.
The Norman conquest of England in the eleventh century led to significant loanwords withthe Norman language, and conventions of vocabulary and spelling began to give a superficial appearance of close relationship with the Romance languages to what by then had become in Middle English.The Great Vowel Shift that began in the south of England in the fifteenth century is one of the historical events that marked the emergence of Modern English from Middle English.
Due to the...