The first chapters are the ones in which Dickens shows us what kind of relationship established between the Utilitarian education and the IndustrialRevolution, the first person who appears in this novel is the character of Thomas Gradgrin he represents the arquetype of a bussinesman belonging to the middle class, but he also has some features that distinguish him from the rest of characters.
The impresion that Thomas Gradgrin give us after his appearance is probably an strict one established as the leading disciple of fact, but he is also shown tobe a loving father.
The scene was a plain, bare, monotonous vault of a school-room, and the speaker’s square forefinger emphasized his observations by underscoring every sentence with a line on the schoolmaster’s sleeve.The emphasis was helped by the speaker’s square wall of a forehead, which had his eyebrows for its base, while his eyes found commodious cellarage in two dark caves,overshadowed by the wall. The emphasis was helped by the speaker’s mouth, which was wide, thin, and hard set.The emphasis was helped by the speaker’s voice, which was inflexible, dry, and dictatorial.
(Book I,Chapter 1, page 1)
TheUtilitarian teaching and the principles of the Industrial Revolution are connected because the middle class is concerned only with making a profit in the most efficient and practical possible way they try to make the workers and their children respectively as useful as they can. This behaviour causes the problem of the workers explotation because of this they don´t have a minute for reflexion or sparetime after the working day: the only thing that is really important for their bosses are the benefits, “I’ll tell you something towards it, at any rate,’ returned Mr.Bounderby. ‘We will make an example of half a dozen Slackbridges. We’ll indict the blackguards for felony, and get ‘em shipped off to penal settlements.” (Book II, Chapter 5, page 72) that is why we can see that any act of expresionor opposition to this explotation is condemned by their chiefs.
Josiah Bounderby is the other character who represents as Thomas Grandgrin the middle class in the novel, we can check that there are only a few difference between them, they are clearly arqueotypes of the class that they belong the difference is the kind evolution that each one develops and their behaviour depending with whichone are they staying at the moment.
Bounderby seems to share Mr. Gradgrind’s love of fact but has no difficulty for lying about himself a clear example of this condition is that he always presents himself as a man made himself who has earn everything he has and donesn’t need to be grateful to anyone because as he say anyone helped him.
‘How I fought through it, I don’t know,’ said Bounderby.‘I was determined, I suppose. I have been a determined character in later life, and I suppose I was then. Here I am, Mrs. Gradgrind, anyhow, and nobody to thank for my being here, but myself.’
(Book I,Chapter 4, page 7)Mr.Grandgrind believes that human nature can be governed by completely rational rules, and he is “ready to weigh and measure any parcel of human nature, and tell you what it comes to.” (Book I,Chapter 2, page 1) This philosophy has brought Mr. Gradgrind much financial and social success this behaviour doesn’t change until his daughter revelation about her absent of any kind of feelings in exception of...