Be, like, be like, look like:
What / be / subject / like? : General description.
What is the city like?
What was the film like?
What were the people like?
What / do-does-did / subject / look like? : Physical appearance.
What does your brother look like?
How / be / subject? : About someone health.
How are you?
Irregularadjectives and adverbs
Adverbs modify verbs or adjectives.
Most adverbs are formed adding ly to the adjective.
When the adjectives end in ly you use way.
He spoke in such a silly way.
Hardly: it has a negative connotation so we use it with an affirmative verb.
It means almost nothing.
I hardly believe what he tells me.
By far – slightly + er-est – more – most.
As + adj – adv +as
As well as: tan bien como.
As good as: tan bueno como.
1) Adjectives of opinion and general description.
Eg: beautiful, interesting, lovely.
2) Adjectives of size and weight.
Eg: big, short, small, heavy.
3) Adjectives of age.
Eg: old, new, young, antique.
4) Adjectives of shape.
Eg: round,square, circular, rectangular.
5) Adjectives of colour.
Eg: green, black, orange, white, blue.
6) Adjectives of country of origin.
Eg: Swiss, Spanish, English, American.
7) Adjectives of material.
Eg: woolly, wooden, leather, plastic, glass.
8) Adjectives of purpose and power.
Eg: walking(socks), cutting, running, electric.
The simple present is usedto:
To talk about things which happen regularly or are always true.
Tom starts work at 8.30 am.
The sun rises in the east.
With adverbs of time.
Never, always, usually, sometimes.
To give instructions.
First, you put the key in the lock, then you turn it very gently.
The present continuous is used:
To talk about things that are happening at the moment.
Some researchers are interviewing the teachers now.
To talk about things that are happening over a longer period of time.
The government is carrying out some research into ways of learning foreign languages.
With always to express surprise or annoyance when something happens often.
That student isalways coming to class late.
Verbs rarely used in the present continuous:
Verbs of feeling:
Verbs of appearance:
Verbs of possession:
Verbs of physical perception:
Verbs of thinking:
These verbs refer to states or conditions, not action:
I love music.
You seem unhappy today.
The simple past is used:
To talk about completed actions in the past.
A group of musicians suddenly appeared.
The musicians started to play jazz.
With expressions that refer to points of time.
At 6o´clock, on Wednesday, in May, two days ago, last week, the day before yesterday, when I was a child.
To describe a number of actions happening one after the other.
Theatre-goers put money into a box, entered the theatre, then found their seats.
To discuss events which were completed at a particular time in the past.
I went on a safari to Africa last year.
The bus waslate this morning.
To talk about a series of events in a story.
Sally bought a ticket and caught the next train home.
The past continuous is used:
To talk about tings that where happening when another action took place.
As we were waiting for the film to start, the lights in the cinema suddenly went out.
To set the scene in a story....