Ingles voz activa y voz pasiva

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Instituto Técnico Nacional de Comercio
Name: Ángela Estefanía Garnica Cristancho
Grade: 9th-04

ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE

A sentence is said to be in Active Voice when the subject doessomething. Similarly, a sentence is said to be in Passive Voice when something is done to the subject.
Examples:
Ram killed Ravana. - Active Voice 
Ravana was killed by Ram. - Passive Voice

In the abovesentence Ram is the ‘subject’ and Ravana is the ‘object’. In the active voice sentence Ram i.e., the subject has killed the object Ravana. In the second sentence Ravana is the subject but he allowedhimself to be killed by subject Ram. Here the subject is Passive. Therefore, it is called Passive voice.
Raghu kicked the ball.
In this sentence Raghu is the ‘subject’ and ball is the ' object'. Theword kicked is the verb.
Here it must be noted that:
‘I’ becomes ‘me’ in Passive voice 
‘We’ becomes ‘us’ 
‘You’ remains ‘you’ 
‘He’ becomes ‘him’ 
‘She’ becomes ‘her’ 
‘It’ remains ‘it’ ‘They’ becomes ‘them.’
Here also the active voice and passive voice are expressed in different tenses.

a) Simple Present
I watch movies every week. - Active Voice
Movies are watched by me every week.- Passive Voice
We watch movies every week. 
Movies are watched by us every week.
You watch movies every week. 
Movies are watched by you every week.
He watches movies every week. 
Movies arewatched by him every week.
She watches movies every week. 
Movies are watched by her every week.
It watches movies every week. 
Movies are watched by it every week.
They watch movies every week. Movies are watched by them every week.
b) Simple Past
I watched a movie yesterday.
A movie was watched by me yesterday.
We watched a movie yesterday.
A movie was watched by us yesterday.
Youwatched a movie yesterday.
A movie was watched by you yesterday.
He watched a movie yesterday.
A movie was watched by him yesterday.
She watched a movie yesterday.
A movie was watched by you...
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