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The simple present tense is one of the most common tenses in English. This page will explain the rules for forming thetense with regular verbs.
1. Forming the simple present tense
There are only two basic forms for the simple present tense; one ends with -s and the other doesn't. Here are the rules, using the example verb "sing":
|Subject |Verb Form |Example |
|I |simple form |I sing |
|You |simple form|You sing |
|He |simple form + S |He sings |
|She |simple form + S |She sings |
|It |simple form + S |It sings |
|We |simple form |We sing |
|They |simple form |They sing |
In other words,only THIRD PERSON SINGULAR subjects (he, she and it) have to have a verb with -S.
2. -s or -es ?
With most verbs, the third person singular form is created simply by adding -S. However, with some verbs, you need to add -ES or change the ending a little. Here are the rules:
|Verb ending in... |How to make the 3rd person singular |Example |
|s|Add -ES |He passes |
|z |Add -ES |She dozes |
|sh |Add -ES |She wishes |
|ch |Add -ES|He watches |
|consonant + y |Change Y to I, then add -ES |It flies |
|[anything else] |Add -S |He sings |
When you are sure that you understand the lesson, you can continue with the exercises.
Here are 3irregular verb forms:
have > she has go > she goes do > she does
Verbs that end in -ch, -sh, -ss - add an -es in the 3rd person singular form:
watch > he watches brush > he brushes kiss > she kisses
Note the 3rd person singular spellings of the verbs that end: -consonant - y:
carry > she carries try > he tries study > she studies
Verbs that end:-vowel-y do not change like this:
play > he plays say > she says
|Structure |[pic] Examples |[pic] We use the Present Simple |
| | |Tense: |
|[pic] To form the Present Simple |1. Philip gets up at 6 o'clock every morning.|[pic]when we talk about things |
|Tense we use the verb's base form |2. I go to school every day. |that happen repeatedly or |
|(go, work, speak, study). In 3rd |3. She sometimes goes out on Friday night. |habitually |
|person singular (he, she, it), the |4. I usually sleep late on Sunday morning. | ||base form of the verb takes -s/es. |5. Peter works for 8 hours every day. |[pic]With Present Simple Tense we |
|(Auxiliary verbs "be," "do," "have",|6. We usually start work at 8 o'clock. |often use time expressions such as|
|which can also be used as main |7. My children often watch TV in the |always, often, sometimes, usually,|
|verbs, are exceptions.)...