Title: Materials Processing for Lithium-Ion Batteries Authors: Jianlin Li, Claus Daniel, David Wood PII: DOI: Reference: To appear in: Received date: Revised date: Accepted date: S0378-7753(10)01904-X doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.11.001 POWER 13773 Journal of Power Sources 29-9-2010 28-10-2010 1-11-2010
Please cite this article as: J. Li, C. Daniel, D. Wood, MaterialsProcessing for LithiumIon Batteries, Journal of Power Sources (2010), doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.11.001 This is a PDF ﬁle of an unedited manuscript that has been accepted for publication. As a service to our customers we are providing this early version of the manuscript. The manuscript will undergo copyediting, typesetting, and review of the resulting proof before it is published in its ﬁnal form.Please note that during the production process errors may be discovered which could affect the content, and all legal disclaimers that apply to the journal pertain.
Materials Processing for Lithium-Ion Batteries Jianlin Li1, Claus Daniel1,2, David Wood1 1 Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6083
Mailing Address: One Bethel Valley RoadP. O. Box 2008, MS-6083 Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6083 Tel: 865-574-5158 Fax: 865-574-4357 e-mail: email@example.com
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Corresponding author: Jianlin Li
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2 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN
Abstract Extensive efforts have been undertaken to develop and optimize newmaterials for lithium-ion batteries to address power and energy demands of mobile electronics and electric
cost, safety concerns, and deficiencies in energy density and calendar life. Advanced materialsprocessing techniques can contribute solutions to such issues. From that perspective, this work summarizes the materials-processing techniques used to fabricate the cathodes, anodes, and separatorsused in lithium-ion batteries.
Keywords: Lithium-ion battery; Materials processing; cathode; anode; separator
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vehicles. However, the introduction of large-format lithium-ion batteries is hampered by high
1. Introduction Since the early 1990s, when Sony manufactured the first commercial lithium-ion battery , extensiveefforts have been undertaken to improve battery performance. Research and
paper summarizes the materials-processing techniques applied to the fabrication of lithium-ion batteries and their components and the issues associated with those techniques.
assembly. Processing research and development intended to improve performance can also affect
be $0.42  (based on the assumptions of 76 to104 people working on two lines in two shifts to produce 100,000 units of cylindrical cells per year ). This cost is about a factor of 3 higher than the target set by the US Department of Energy (DOE) to ensure deep market penetration by
the desired target, it will be necessary to improve materials processing and to introduce thorough quality control measures in the manufacturing process, ashas occurred in other industries, such as semiconductor production.
2. Processing for Electrolytes
An electrolyte for lithium-ion batteries should be able to dissolve and dissociate into the solvent system, and the Li ions should be able to diffuse in the system with high mobility. Conventional electrolytes consist of lithium salts dissolved in organic solvents. Propylene
Ac ce phybrid-electric and all-electric vehicles . In order to reduce the cost of lithium-ion batteries to
the cost of fabrication. In 2000, the cost (labor and overhead) for a 18650 cell was estimated to
Numerous processing methods have been developed for lithium-ion battery fabrication and
development has focused on two general areas: electrochemistry...