PREPARATORIA: “DR. NAZARIO VICTOR MONTEJO GODOY”
NOMBRE: YOLINSE ZUREZADAY TUN FLORES
FECHA DE ENTREGA: 30 DE NOVIEMBRE 2010
Spain history is itself a European nation, which covers the period from prehistory to today, through training and fall of the first global empire. The firsthumans arrived in the Iberian Peninsula to the territory of the current Spain 35,000 years ago. Over the following millennia the territory was invaded and colonized by Celts, Phoenicians, Carthaginians, and Greeks and around 200 BC most of the Iberian Peninsula began to form part of the Roman Empire. After the fall of Rome, the embryo of the current Spain has been in the Visigothic Kingdom. ThisKingdom was established in the 5th century and remained until the beginning of the 8th century. 711 Produced the first invasion of Muslims from North Africa and in a few years they dominated much of the Iberian Peninsula. Independent Moorish kingdoms settled within 750 years, although the total area of Muslim control was known with the name of al - Andalus. While the rest of Europe remained in thedark ages, al - Andalus flourished cultural, scientific and artistically. Continuing tensions between Muslims and Christians had as consequence the Reconquista starting already in the 8th century with the resistance Christian Spain North and through the centuries with the advancement of the Christian kingdoms southward culminating with the conquest of Granada and the expulsion of the last Moorsin 1492. During this period Christian principalities and kingdoms evolved significantly, including the most important, the Kingdom of Castile and the Kingdom of Aragon. The Union of these two kingdoms of marriage in 1469 King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castile led to the creation of the Kingdom of Spain.
Year 1492 is also remembered as the year that Isabella sent ExplorerChristopher Columbus on the Atlantic Ocean in search of a new trade route to Asia. The arrival of Columbus to the new world and the further development of the Spanish Empire led Spain to a golden age. During the following centuries Spain as a colonial power rises as the most important European nation on the world scene as well as central actor in European Affairs. Literature and fine arts in Spainflourished very significantly during this period, however, this period is also known by the expulsion of the Jews and Muslims and the establishment of the Inquisition. During the next three hundred years, Spanish colonial empire covered most of South America, large portions of North America, the Philippines in Asia as well as portions of coast in Africa becoming one of the greatest empires of history.Funded largely by the riches gained in their colonies, Spain got into wars and intrigue in the continent, including for example, the acquisition and loss of possessions in the current Netherlands e Italy and keeping war with England (including the famous failure known as Spanish Armada) and France. With the death of Charles II of Habsburg dynasty became extinct to make way for the Bourbons afterthe war of succession. As a consequence of this war Spain lost its military dominance and after successive bankruptcies country was gradually reducing its power becoming a second power at the end of the 18th century.
The 19th century saw major changes in Europe, Spain was no exception. In the first part of this century Spain suffered the independence of most of its colonies in the new world.Century was also marked by foreign interventions and internal conflicts. Napoleon put his brother Joseph Bonaparte Spanish, enthroned after the expulsion of the French, Spain entered into an extended period of instability, the greater part of the century occurred continuous struggles between liberal Republicans and supporters of the old régime. The advent of the industrial revolution at the end of...