Nigeria ingles

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  • Publicado : 22 de febrero de 2011
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Nigeria officially named the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a federal constitutional republic comprising thirty-six states and its Federal Capital Territory, Abuja. Nigeria shares borderswith Chad, Benin and Cameroon. There’s three large ethnic groups in the country; Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba. In the religion aspecto Nigeria is divided half and half between Christians and Muslims with asmall minority that practice tradicional religion.
Nigeria is the largest oil producer in Africa with an estimated 2.5 million barrels per day and the fifth worldwide.The pipeline vandalism in Nigeria are common during periods of lack of fuel.
In the fifteenth century, the Portuguese began to trade in Nigerian land, first withlocal produce and later focusing on the slavetrade.During the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the British were conquering Nigeriaand under its administration. In 1947, in order to reduce ethnic and religious tensions, the colonialadministration articulated a federal system of government,creating new administrativedivisions.In 1960, Nigeria gained independence with Nnambi Azikiwe as the first President elected by the winning coalition in the elections, formedby the parties NorthernPeople's Congress. Since then the country has endured several changes of government.The biggest threat to the stability of the country was during the years 1967 to 1970, when Nigeria wasplunged into civil war caused by unilateral excision of the Republic of Biafra. In1985, General Ibrahim Babangida came to power after the overthrow of former military regime, led by General Buhari.Within the borders of modern Nigeria survive some of the oldest arts educational traditions of West Africa that have joined the influences of British colonial rule andEuropean missionary educationsystem. The bronzes of Benin showed for the first time the existence of a rich and ancient traditions of art and craft. The postcolonial Nigeria has also developed a veryvaried artistic...