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Chemistry has been called the science of what things are. Its intent is the exploration of the nature of the materials that fabricate our physical environment, why they hold the different properties that depict them, how their atomic structure may be fathomed, and how they may be manipulated and changed.
Although organic reactions have been conducted by man since the discovery of fire, thescience of Organic chemistry did not develop until the turn of the eighteenth century, mainly in France at first, then in Germany, later on in England. By far the largest variety of materials that bombard us are made up of organic elements. The beginning of the Ninetieth century was also the dawn of chemistry, all organic substances were understood as all being materials produced by living organisms:wood, bone, cloth, food, medicines, and the complex substances that configure the human body. Inorganic material was believed to come from the Earth: salt, metals, and rock, just to name a few, but are these the real differences between our two Chemistries?
1.The division between the fields of organic and inorganic chemistry is not clear-cut, but there are a few characteristic features that allowyou to make a distinction at times. First ,the Organic chemistry study molecules that contain the element carbon and their reactions. Strictly speaking, an organic molecule is any molecule that contains carbon. On the other hand, The Inorganic generally study molecules that usually do not contain the element carbon. Technically, inorganic molecules are those that do not contain carbon ,but ,Whatare the properties that make the differences of Inorganic and Organic chemistry? the most typical properties of the many organic compounds is that many of them are not soluble in water, secondly, inorganic compounds are most likely to have high melting points, finally ,organic compounds are most likely to be flammable.
The increasingly large number of organic compounds identified with eachpassing day, together with the fact that many of these compounds are isomers of other compounds, requires that a systematic nomenclature system be developed. Just as each distinct compound has a unique molecular structure which can be designated by a structural formula, each compound must be given a characteristic and unique name.
As organic chemistry grew and developed, many compounds were giventrivial names, which are now commonly used and recognized, and composed only of carbon and hydrogen atoms bonded together.
2. The alkanes, alkenes and alkynes are all hydrocarbon molecules which means they only contain carbon and hydrogen atoms.
Alkanes is a molecule that only contains single bonding between the carbon and hydrogen atoms. This is a saturated molecule as it needs the most hydrogenbecause only single bonds are evident. Eg. Methane, ethane, propane etc. The formula for identifying Alkanes is: C(no. Of carbons)H(2 times no. Of carbons +2); The simplest alkane, methane, has one carbon atom and a molecular formula of CH4. Because this compound contains only single covalent bonds, its structural formula is
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Alkenes are hydrocarbon molecules that contains atleast one double bond. This is an unsaturated molecule because it uses less hydrogen atoms due to the fact that it is a double bond and there are less carbon electrons for bonding. Eg. Ethene, propene, butene etc. The formula for identifying Alkenes is: C(no. Of carbons)H(2 times no. Of carbons )

The simplest alkene, ethene, has two carbon atoms and a molecular formula of C2H4. The structuralformula for ethene is
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H2C=CH2 H2C=CH-CH3

Alkynes is the hydrocarbon atom that contains at least ONE triple bond. This is also an unsaturated molecule. Eg. Ethyne(acetylene), propyne. The formula for identifying an alkynes molecule is: C (no. Of carbon atoms )H (2 x no. Of carbon -2); The simplest alkyne, ethyne has two carbon atoms and the molecular formula of C2H2. The...
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