Prague is also well known as the golden city. The city was built near the river Vltava in central Bohemia. Prague has been the political, cultural, and economic centre of Czech Republic.Prague was chosen as sea of two Holy Roman Emperors and thus was also the capital of the Holy Roman Empire.
The City is being populated for around 1.2 million people while its metropolitan area isestimated to have a population of over 1.9 million.
Since 1992, the extensive historic centre of Prague has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites, making the city one of the mostpopular tourist destinations in Europe, receiving more than 4.1 million international visitors annually, as of 2009[update].
The name Prague was originated from the Slavic root, Praga, which means“ford”, referring to the city's origin at a crossing of the Vltava River. This root can be found in other toponyms in the region. For example, two riverside districts of Warsaw bear the name of Praga as well.The native name of the city, Praha, is also related to the modern Czech word práh, which means “threshold”: A legendary etymology connects the name of the city with Libuše, prophetess and a wife ofmythical founder of the Přemyslid dynasty. She is said to have ordered "the city to be built where a man hews a threshold of his house."
Czech "práh", the "threshold", shall be understood here asto be in the river, rapids or cataract: its edge as a passage to the other river side.
Contrarily, although there are a few weirs nowadays, there was not discovered any such geological threshold inthe river under the Prague Castle. Thus some derive the name "Phaha" from the stone of the hill, where the original castle was built: "na prazě", the original term for shale rock (Czech: břidlice). Inthose days, there were forests around the Castle, on the nine hills of the future city: the Old Town on the other river bank as well as the Lesser Town underneath the Castle appeared later.