Problemas sobre nomenclatura y determinación de cargas de cationes, aniones, sales y compuestos orgánicos de complejos

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PROBLEMAS SOBRE NOMENCLATURA Y DETERMINACIÓN DE CARGAS DE CATIONES, ANIONES, SALES Y COMPUESTOS ORGÁNICOS DE COMPLEJOS

1-CATIONES

1:1-[Ag (NH3)2]+1 Ión diamínplata (I)

X + 2(0) = +1 X = 0+1 X = +1 Ag (I)

1.2-[Cu (NH3)4]+2 Ión tetramíncobre (II)

X + 4(0) = +2 X + 0 = +2 X = +2Cu (II)

1.3-[Pt (NH3)3 Br3] +1 Ión tribromotriaminoplatino (IV)

X +3(0)+3(-1) = +1 X – 3 = +1 X = +4 Pt (IV)

1.4-[Cr (H2 O)4 Cl2] +1 Ión tetraaquodiclorocromo (III)

X + 4(0) + 2(-1) = +1 X – 2 = +1 X = +3 Cr (III)

1.5-[Fe (H2 O)6 ] +2 Ión hexaaquahierro (II)

X + 6(0) = +2 X = +2Fe (II)

1.6-[Cr F4 O]+ Ión tetrafluorooxocromo (V)

X +4(-1)+ (-2) = +1 X – 4 – 2=+1 X – 6 = +1 X = +1-6 X = -5 Cr (V)

1.7-[Ni (CO)4 ] Ión tetracarbonilniquel (0)

X + 4(0) = 0 X + 0 = 0 X = 0 Ni (0)

1.8-[Ag (NH3)2] + Ión diamminplata(I)

X +2(0)=+1X = +1 Ag(I)

1.9-[Pt(NH3)3Br3]+ Ión triamintribromoplatino(IV)

X +3(0)+3(-1)=+1 X -3=+1 X = 1+3 X=4 Pt(IV)

1.10-[Cr(H2O)4 Cl2] + Ión diclorotetraacuocromo(III)

X +4(0)+2(-1)= +1 X – 2 = +1 X = 2+1 X =+3 Cr(III)

1.11- [CoCl3(NH3)3] Ión triamimmtriclorocobalto(III)

X +3(-1)+3(0) =0 X -3= 0 X = +3 Co(III)

1.12- [CrCl (NH3)5]+4 Ión pentaamimmaclorocromo(III)

X +(-1)+5(0) =4 X -1=4 X = 4-1 X=3 Cr(III)

1.13-[CrCl2 (NH3)4]+5 Ión tetraamminadiclorocromo(III)

X +2(-1)+4(0)=5 X -2=5 X =5-2 X = 3 Cr(III)

1.14-[Zn (H2O)6] Iónhexaaquazin

X +6(0) = X =0

1.15-[Cd (NH3)4] Ión tetraamminacadmio

X +4(0)=0 X =0

2-ANIONES

2.1-[Fe F6 ] -3 Ión Hexafluoroferrato (III)

X + 6(-1) = -3 X – 6 = -3 X = -3 +6 X = +3 Fe (III)

2.2-[Fe (CN)5 (H2 O)] -2 Ión aquapentacianoferrato(III)

X + 5(-1) +0 = -2 X -5 +0 = -2 X – 5 = -2 X = +5 -2 X = +3 Fe (III)

2.3-[Cr F4 O2] -3 Ión tetrafluorodioxocromato (V)

X + 4(-1) +2(-2) = -3 X -4 – 4 = -3 X – 8 = -3 X = +8 – 3 X = +5 Cr (V)

2.4- [Os Cl5 N] -2 Ión pentacloronitruosmiato (IV)

X + 5(-1) + (-1) = -2 X – 5- 1 = - 2 X –6 = -2 X = +6 -2 X = +4 Os (IV)

2.5-[Mn (SCN)4 (H2 O) 2] -2 Ión diaquotetraquis (tiocianato) manganato (II)

X + 4(-1) +2(0) = -2 X – 4 +0 = -2 X – 4= -2 X= 4 -2 X= 2 Mn (II)

2.6-[Co Cl3 (NH3 ) 3] Ión triamintriclorocobalto (III)

X +3(-1) + 3(0) =0 X -3 +0 = 0 X = +3 Co (III)

2.7-[Ni Cl3 (ClO4 ) ] -2Ión tricloropercloratonicolato ( II)

X + 3(-1) + (-1) = -2 X -3-1 =-2 X-4= -2 X= +2 Ni (II)

2.8- [Va(CN) 6]-4 Ión hexacianovanato(II)

X +6(-1) =-4 X -6 = -4 X= 6-4 X =2 Va(II)

2.9-[PtCl4]-2 Ión tetracloroplatinato(II)

X +4(-1)=-2 X -4 = -2 X= 4-2 X=22.10-[CoCO(SCN)3]-2 Ión carboniltris(tiocianato)cobalto(I)

X +(0)+3(-1)=-2 X-3=-2 X =3-2 X=+1 Co(I)

2.11-[Fe (CN)6] -4 Ión hexacianoferrato(II)

X +6(-1) =-4 X -6=-4 X=6-4 X=2 Fe(II)

2.12-[Fe (CN)6] -3 Ión hexacianoferrato(III)

X +6(-1) =-3 X -6 = -3 X=6-3...
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