The Protestant Reformation is the name given to a religious and political development in the early 16th century. The reformation was led by Martin Luther, a monk from Germany. He said that the Roman Catholic church was corrupt and that it should be reformed. Luther also argued that a reformation was needed of other things. In particular reformation was required withregards: the language that the Bible was produced in: most people couldn't read Latin; the selling of forgiveness, this was considered to be immoral by Luther but had been standard practice by some monks and priests for years. The ideas behind the Protestant Reformation were simple. The church should be changed, or reformed, so that it was less greedy, fairer and accessible to all people, not justthe rich and well educated.
The protest against the church was not entirely new. In England there had been similar protests in the 14th century: although these had been crushed. Luther though gained a lot of support for his ideas. Many people were unhappy with the Pope and the church.
The Protestant Reformation in England
King Henry VIII was initially opposed to the ideas of Luther. hewas praised by the pope for a pamphlet that he wrote in 1521 that criticised the German monk. However after the Split with Rome many of the things that Luther said should happen, did happen in England. Henry VIII ordered Bibles to be published in English and took much money and land from the church. However Henry did this for political gains, not because he supported the ideas of Luther. Howeverbecause of his actions Henry VIII laid the foundations of Protestantism in England which under the rule of Edward and Elizabeth would transform England from a Catholic to a Protestant nation. By 1603 the Protestant Reformation in this country was complete.
Period of time protestant reformation.
Before the protestant reformation:
The religion of most people in Europe before the ProtestantReformation was Roman-Catholic. Roman Catholicism in the middle Ages had a basis in the Pope and God directly appointing him. There was the practice of buying souls out of purgatory as well. One could not receive forgiveness for sins without an intermediary, and sermons were ritualistic, being performed in Latin.
The Protestant Reformation began in 1517 with Martin Luther andpublished his 95 Theses, this reformation began with the refusal of the Roman Catholic Church to heed Luther’s call reformation and return to biblical doctrines and practices, and the protestant reformation began; some of the Luther’s arguments are remove the absolute power from the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church in general. The revenue from the taxes paid to the Church would be reduced withLuther’s ideas, in part because of the removal of buying souls out of purgatory. If purgatory exists, then the Pope should empty it out of goodness and love, and not for the reason of money. In 1521,Henry VIII of England opposes Luther in writing Assertioseptemsacramentorium, or, "Defence of the Seven Sacraments". Pope Leo X rewards Henry by granting him the title FideiDefensor or "Defender of theFaith".
In the year 1529, Luther meets the Swiss Reformer Ulrich Zwingli at the Marburg Colloquy to discuss the issue of the presence of Christ in the Eucharist. Both parties are unable to come to an agreement, with Luther defending his view of a Sacramental Union of the body and blood and the bread and wine as opposed to the symbolic view of Zwingli.
Effects of the protestant reformation in theactuality:
The Protestant Reformation and the creating of the Lutheran Church changed the entire culture in the entire continent of Europe. It made society, as a whole, live more wholesome lives by cutting down on sinful acts and criminal offenses. After the Reformation, governments have had to address issues in a non-corrupt way, which includes the paying off of churches in order to make the...