Receptores ah (aryl hydrocarbon receptor)

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AhR
Un receptor para los hidrocarburos arómaticos es una proteína intracelular a la cual se enlazan compuestos arómaticos halogenados --bifenilos policlorados y dioxinas incluídos--. El complejo formado se moviliza al nucleo de la célula, dentro del cuál controla la iniciación de una serie de procesos de biotransformación para la excreta de hidrocarburos. Este enlace tambien puede producir lasíntesis de otras proteínas, algunas de las cuales pueden interferir adversamente con el crecimiento y la diferenciación celular. Los receptores Ah tienen afinidad por hidrocarburos aromáticos halogenados, incluyendo dioxinas y bifenilos policlorados (PCBs), lo cual puede causar cambios en la expresión genética, afectar el desarrollo, morfología y funcionalidad celular, esta es la razón de queestos hidrocarburos sean potenciales cancerígenos y/o teratogénicos.


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