School performance problems

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School Performance Problems (SPP)

1. Key Words

a. SIMCE: Sistema Nacional de Evaluación de resultados de aprendizaje del Ministerio de Educación de Chile.
b. GPA: Grade PointAverage.
c. PISA: Programme for International Student Assessment.
d. OCDE: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
e. CPEIP: Centro de Perfeccionamiento, Experimentación ef. Investigaciones Pedagógicas.
g. TIC: Tecnología de la Información y la Comunicación

2. Definition

School performance is the level of achievement of the objectives laid down inofficial curriculum. Himmel (1985)

3. SIMCE and School Performance

On 2009, SIMCE tests were applied to students from 4th grade and 8th grade. The tests were answered by 231,455 students,representing 93.4% of total enrolled at 4th grade, and 239,745 students, representing 92.5% of total enrollment at 8th grade.

Results: The results from the year 2009 shown some increase incertain areas such as math, but there is still problems with reading.

3. PISA and School Performance

On 2006, PISA test was applied to 57 countries: Chile, Latinamerican countries (Argentina,Brazil, Colombia, Uruguay and Mexico) and OCDE countries (Germany, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Korea, Denmark, Spain, United States, Finland, France, Greece, Holland, Hungary, England, Ireland,Iceland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Mexico, Norway, New Zealand, Poland, Portugal, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Sweden, Switzerland and Turkey).

Results: The results shown that Chile has a higherperformance than Latinamerican countries, but a lower in comparison with OCDE countries.

4. Aspects that affect School Performance

a. Family: one of the greatest discoveries on human developmentresearch is that the child development achievements are directly related to the families socioeconomic status. Willms (2002).
However, there is a percentage of students from low income...
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