Segunda Guerra Mundial (Resumen En Ingles)

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WHAT WAS IT?
It was such a catastrophic conflict that was underway by 1939 and ended in 1945. It involved most of the world's nations including all of the great powers eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. It was the most widespread war in history, with more than 100 million military personnel mobilised. In a state of "total war” the major participantsplaced their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities at the service of the war effort, erasing the distinction between civilian and military resources. There were such significant events involving the mass death of civilians, including the Holocaust and the only use of nuclear weapons in warfare, it is the deadliest conflict in human history, resulting in 50 million to over 70 millionfatalities.
Although Japan was already at war with China in 1937, the world war is generally said to have begun on 1 September 1939, with the invasion of Poland by Germany, and subsequent declarations of war on Germany by France and most of the countries of the British Empire and Common wealth.
The war ended with such a successful victory of the Allies over the Axis in 1945. World War IIaltered the political alignment and social structure of the world. The United Nations(UN) organization was established to foster international cooperation and prevent future conflicts. The Soviet Union and the United States emerged as rival superpowers, setting the stage for the COLD WAR, which lasted for the next 46 years. 
Most countries whose industries had been damaged moved towards economicrecovery. Political integration, especially in Europe, emerged as an effort to stabilise postwar relations.

OPPOSING MILITARY ALLIANCES
THE ALIES POWERS .-Were the countries that opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War(1939–1945). Former Axis states contributing to the Allied victory are not considered Allied states. The Allies became involved in World War II either because they hadalready been invaded, were directly threatened with invasion by the Axis or because they were concerned that the Axis powers would come to control the world.

THE AXIS POWERS .-Was the alignment of great powers that fought World War II against the Allies. It began in 1936 with treaties of friendship between Germany and Italy and between Germany and Japan. The "Rome-Berlin Axis" became afull military alliance in 1939 under the Pact of Steel, and the Tripartite Pact of 1940 fully integrated the military aims of Germany, Italy, and Japan.

ADOLF HITLER
(20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945)
Was an Austrian-born German politician and the leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party, A decorated veteran of World War I, Hitler's foreign and domestic policies had the goal ofseizing Lebensraum ("living space") for the Germanic people. Under Hitler's direction, in 1941 German forces and their European allies occupied most of Europe and North Africa. Hitler's supremacist and racially motivated policies resulted in the systematic murder of eleven million people, including nearly six million Jews.

THIRD REICH 
Was Germany when it was a totalitarian dictatorship ruled by Adolf Hitlerand his Nazi Party from 1933 to 1945. Nazi Germany is best known for its aggressive foreign policy, its launching of World War II, and the Holocaust which resulted in the death of millions of European Jews and other minorities deemed a threat to the Aryan race.
On 30 January 1933 Adolf Hitler legally became chancellor of Germany. Although he initially headed a coalition government, he quicklyeliminated his non-Nazi partners and ruled as the sole dictator. The Nazi regime restored economic prosperity and ended mass unemployment using heavy military spending while suppressing labor unions and strikes. The return of prosperity gave the regime enormous popularity and made Hitler's rule mostly unchallenged, despite a growing resistance that culminated in the failed 20 July plot in 1944....
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