In support of negative impacts that daycare have on children, increase level of aggression, children may develop more behavior problems, become less cooperative, experience stress, which might impacts their emotionaldevelopments (Sullivan p. 74). This effect is small but it is something that can happen, or rather it is happening and could affect the child in the future. Also many parents do not have enough money to put their children in a good and well equipped daycare that offers a good quality. This is negative, because they do not have enough money, so they have to put their children in a daycare that does notoffer a good educational quality. On the other hand, in support of the positive impacts of day care on children, research has shown that “leaving children in daycare do as least as well as often better, in sociability and intelligence, and in academic achievement than children exclusively in the home by their parents” (Sullivan p. 74). This is great because parents can trust that their childrenwill have a good education in the daycare, sometimes better than they could give him. Another great advantage is that the day cares have more resources for children in the day care centers than what they will get at home. As such they are better prepared academically to teach children, also socialize with other children and people who are well trained for them (Sullivan p. 74).
2. Describe thefour agencies of socialization discussed in the chapter in terms of the special contributions that each makes to the socialization of the young.
In an attempt to have a better understanding of the agencies of socialization that play important roles in the socialization of young people, it might make sense to first and foremost understand the key word in the context of what we understandsocialization to mean. Socialization is the process by which people develop personal identities and learn the ways of a particular group or society (Sullivan p. 65). The Family, The Peer Group, The School, and The Mass Media serves as agencies of socialization, and to a greater extend have great impact, as well as playing an important role in helping to socialize young people. Even before we met otherpeople that we have come to call our friends, classmate, coworkers and associates, our family serves as our face point of contact very early on in life. Most of what we have to learn in life first started with our contacts with family members, our emotions, intimacy, love, and human behavior are all elements of young people socialization through the family. The family determines our ascribestatutes in terms of racial and ethnic background, and influences other aspect of young people lives. The Peer Group are our friends, mostly of the same age group, and to some extend do exact tremendous influence over day to day decisions in young people lives. The Peer Group also offers young people an identity, subculture of norms, values and beliefs outside their family. Young people spentsubstantial amount of their time in school, and it is at school that they develop most skills that will help them cope with the numerous challenges that life throw at them (Sullivan p. 73). The Mass media undoubtedly have great and profound impact as agencies of socialization on young people. The Mass media has become a substitute to what young people did not learn from family, peer group and the school.The advent of 24/7 cable Television has changed the landscape and indeed make the mass media a very strong and power agencies of socialization for young people. The mass media has diluted the role of the family and school in shaping young social interactions (Sullivan p. 76 2009).
3. How have you learned the rules of gender (what it means to masculine or feminine)? Who or what has taught you...