Stativ and dinamycs verbs

Páginas: 3 (739 palabras) Publicado: 1 de octubre de 2010
En inglés hay una serie de verbos que NO se usan en su forma continua (presente continuo, futuro continuo…) son verbos que describen estados, situaciones y condiciones y se llaman STATIVE verbs.-Decimos I have a car, y no I´m having a car.
Los verbos que SI se usan en sus formas continuas son los llamados DYNAMIC verbs, ya que describen principalmente acciones.
-Mary feels good. Mary sesiente bien.
-I am very happy. Yo estoy muy contenta.
-She looks very nice in that dress. Ella se ve bien con ese vestido.
Dynamic verbs
There are many types of dynamic verbs, but most of themdescribe activities or events which can begin and finish. Here are some examples:
Dynamic Verb Type Examples
play activity She plays tennis every Friday.
She's playing tennis right now.
melt processThe snow melts every spring.
The snow is melting right now.
hit momentary action When one boxer hits another, brain damage can result. (This suggests only ONE punch.)
When one boxer is hittinganother, brain damage can result. (This suggests MANY repeated punches.)
Dynamic verbs, as you can see from the table above, can be used in the simple and perfect forms (plays, played, has played, hadplayed) as well as the continuous or progressive forms (is playing, was playing, has been playing, had been playing).
Stative verbs
Stative verbs usually refer to a state or condition which is quitestatic or unchanging. They can be divided into verbs of perception or cognition (which refer to things in the mind), or verbs of relation (which describe the relationships between things). Here aresome examples:
Stative Verb Type Examples
hate perception I hate chocolate.
believe perception She believes in UFOs.
contain relation The box contains 24 cans of soda.
own relation Yong owns threemotorbikes.
Note that we CANNOT use these verbs in the continuous (progressive) forms; you CAN'T say "*Yong is owning three cars." Owning is a state, not an action, so it is always in the simple...
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