Rolihlahla Nelson Mandela was born on July 18, 1918 in Qunu, a village of 300 inhabitants nearUmtata in the Transkei. He married three times, with six children. From his first wife Evelyn Mase Ntoko, died in 2004, divorced in 1957 after 13 years of marriage. A daughter from that marriage died ininfancy age. Their first son died in 1969 Thembekili Madiba in a car accident.
Known at home as Madiba, was the first democratically elected South African president by universal suffrage and theleader of Umkhonto we Sizwe, the armed wing of the African National Congress (ANC). In 1962 he was arrested and convicted of sabotage, and other charges, to life imprisonment. Mandela spent 27 yearsin prison, most of which was confined in prison on Robben Island. After his release on February 11, 1990, Mandela led his party in the negotiations for a multiracial democracy in South Africa, whichwas achieved in 1994 with the first democratic elections by universal suffrage. Mandela won the elections and was president from 1994-1999, often giving priority to reconciliation.
In South Africa,Mandela is known as Madiba, an honorary title bestowed by the elders of Mandela's clan.
Mandela received over 250 awards and international recognition for four decades, including the 1993 NobelPeace Prize.
After 38 years of marriage to Winnie Madikizela (Winnie Mandela), he left because of political scandals in April 1992 and finally divorced on March 19, 1996. With Winnie had twodaughters, Zenani (Zeni), born on February 4, 1958, and Zindziswa (Zindzi), born in 1960.
On his 80th birthday on July 18, 1998, he married Graca Machel, the widow of Samora Machel, Mozambique's formerpresident and sponsor of the ANC, who died in 1986 in a plane crash.
On January 6, 2005 killed the second son of Mandela, Makgatho Mandela, a lawyer and businessman, at the age of 54 years in...