Thomas Jefferson was born in Virginia on April 13, 1743. His father had been among the earliest settlers in this wilderness country, and his position of leadership descended to his eldest son, together with 5,000 acres of land.
Jefferson became one of the best-educated Americans of his time. At the age of 17 he enteredthe College of William and Mary, where he got exciting first glimpses of "the expansion of science, and of the system of things in which we are placed." Nature destined him to be a scientist, he often said; but there was no opportunity for a scientific career in Virginia, and he took the path of the law, studying it under the tutelage of George Wythe as a branch of the history of mankind. He readwidely in the law, in the sciences, and in both ancient and modern history, philosophy, and literature. Jefferson was admitted to the bar in 1767; his successful practice led to a wide circle of influence and to cultivated intellectual habits that would prove remarkably creative in statesmanship. When the onrush of the American Revolution forced him to abandon practice in 1774, he turned theselegal skills to the rebel cause.
Thomas Jefferson's public career began in 1769, when he served as a representative in the Virginia House of Burgesses (was the elected lower house summoned by an elected legislative assembly led by Governor Yeardley, in the legislative assembly established in the Colony of Virginia in 1619). Years later considered as leader of the patriot faction was a foundingmember of the Virginia Committee of Correspondence, and in A Summary View of the Rights of British America (1774), prepared for the First Virginia Convention, he brilliantly expounded the view that Parliament had no authority in the colonies and that the only bond with England was voluntary allegiance to the king. Although never an effective public speaker, he won a reputation as a draftsman ofresolutions and addresses. This Summary allowed him to be part of the drafting of the “Declaration of
Independence” of USA, which is considered today as the heart and the reason most common thinking and feelings of United States.
In order to understand the effects of the Declaration of Independence, the setting of thiscountry has to be consider, the tensions between American colonials and the British during the revolutionary period of the 1760s and early 1770s led to the American Revolutionary War, fought from 1775 through 1781. On June 14, 1775, the Continental Congress, convening in Philadelphia, established a Continental Army under the command of George Washington. Proclaiming that "all men are created equal”(Thomas Jefferson) and endowed with "certain unalienable Rights. By this revolution on July 4, 1776 the Declaration of Independence wrote by Thomas Jefferson was adopted.
In this drafting it has to keep in mind that the Philosophy of Jefferson which can be seen inside of it. Thomas Jefferson rose to fame in the councils of the American Revolution. Insofar as the Revolution was aphilosophical event, he was its most articulate spokesman, having absorbed the thought of the 18th-century Enlightenment. He believed in a beneficent natural order in the moral as in the physical world, freedom of inquiry in all things, and man's inherent capacity for justice and happiness, and he had faith in reason, improvement, and progress. In other hand, one of his main quotes was “"We hold these truthsto be self-evident: that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness". This one is the support as the topic of the “Declaration of Independence”. (Life, liberty and the pursuit of the happiness)
What was the...