Ministry of Popular Power for Education.
Bolivarian Secondary School:xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Puerto la Cruz, Edo- Anzoátegui.
1.¿Qué sucedió el 12 de octubre?
Asian and northern European Vikings were the first to visit America and even form colonies, but the discovery of Columbus will remain the mosthistorically important trade and cultural exchange that took place in consequence thereof.
The significance of October 12, 1492 is complex but we know as fact that a European group led by Christopher Columbus landed on American shores specifically to the island of Guanahani (Bahamas archipelago) which was then called San Salvador, and moreover,met with the indigenous culture that inhabited the "newlands".
According to most history books on October 12, 1492 is the day of the Discovery of America, for others it is the Day of the Race for the meeting of different cultures and the third approach that seems more appropriate is the meeting of two worlds. Since America was discovered for the moment, in fact was already known to be inhabited and indeed had been previously visited long before Columbuslanded on this land.
Asian groups who became Native Americans were certainly the first discoverers of America, over tens of thousands of years. In addition, there were expeditions Nordic (Vikings) to North America, starting with Bjarni Herjólfsson in 986, which is well documented historically and then Leif Ericson that 10 years later were the first European colonies in America which is known.Many other pre-Columbian discoveries that have been appointed are not well established: St. Brendan, Basque fisherman, the Portuguese, Chinese, Japanese, and even the Carthaginians.Some of them are true and some probably not.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Columbus discovery (or rediscovery) is the most important historically, and will remain so because unlike the others, Columbusinaugurated a way of trade and cultural exchange between the permanent and massive new and the old world to the point that in no more than a century, indigenous and African populations were converted to Christianity, began to speak Spanish and became part of a new social reality (or a social link), which is an event without parallel in modern history, which is the most important feature of Americanhistory.
The findings prior to Columbus were so little known that even the most educated Europeans were unaware of the existence of America prior to 1492, so this discovery in particular, like it or not who is reading this document, it definitely changed the world.
When the October 12, 1492, after 72 days at sea, the sailor Rodrigo de Triana spotted land, began to occur an event that changed theconcept we had in the world, and caused something that even Christopher Columbus himself had imagined : the union of two worlds that until then had no knowledge of each other.
The meeting was fruitful for both: on the one hand, America was a great cultural legacy, political and religious, on the other hand, Europe was new products and opened its doors to a vast and very helpful exchange.
OnOctober 12, 1892, on celebrating the fourth centenary of the meeting of two cultures, a royal decree of Dona Maria Cristina of Habsburg, signed in the Monastery of La Rabida, expressed the intention to establish as the National Day anniversary of the dayColumbus and his ships arrived in America.
Years later, reaffirming this purpose, was established on Columbus Day to celebrate and strengthenthe bond between those peoples and countries that share a common language, origin, culture or religion, and it is enriched by each other.
2.¿Quienes participaron en esta conmemoración?
At first the Cristobal Colon, the Fray Juan Pérez, Martín Alonso Pinzón, the Pinzón brothers, the brothers Francisco and Vicente, the caravel Pinta, Niña and Santa Maria ship, Beatriz de Bobadilla, Rodrigo de...