* Beginning of the Ottoman Empire, early expansion into the early Balkans
Louis the Great of Hungary, One of the strongest kings of Hungary
Osman I, 1st Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
* The Avignon papacy transfers the seat of the Popes from Italy to France
* The Great Famine of 1315-1317 kills millionsof people in Europe
* Being forced out of previous locations, the Mexica found the city of Tenochtitlan in 1325
* The death of the Ilkhan Abu Said in 1335, causing the disintegration of the Mongol rule in Persia.
* Battle of Kosovo in 1389 between Serbs and Ottoman Turks, Prince Lazar, sultan Murat I and Miloš Obilić were killed
* The Vijayanagara Empire is founded in SouthIndia by Harihara in 1336
* The Hundred Years' War begins when Edward III of England lays claim to the French throne in 1337.
* Bulgarian-Ottoman Wars begin
* French recruit troops and ships in Genoa, Monaco and Nice. (1345–1346)
The Hundred Years' War, Joan of Arc at the Siege of Orléans
Richard II of England
* Black Death kills around a third of the population ofEurope. (1347–1351).
* Mid-14th century – Bottle, from Syria, is made. It is now kept at Freer Gallery of Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
* The Battle of Lake Poyang, a naval conflict between Chinese rebel groups led by Chen Youliang and Zhu Yuanzhang, took place in August to October of 1363, and was one of the largest naval battles in history.
* The end of MongolYuan Dynasty in China and the beginning of the Ming Dynasty (1368)
* The heresy of Lollardy rises in England
* The Great Schism of the West begins in 1378, eventually leading to 3 simultaneous popes.
* An account of Buddha's life, translated earlier into Greek by St John of Damascus and widely circulated to Christians as the story of Barlaam and Josaphat, became so popular Buddha(under the name Josaphat) was made a Catholic saint.
* Singapore emerges for the first time as a fortified city and trading centre of some importance.
* Reunification of Poland under Ladislaus I of Poland
* Ciompi Revolt in Florence
* Peasants' Revolt in England
* Islam reaches Terengganu, on the Malay Peninsula.
* The Hausa found several city-states in the southof modern Niger.
* The Mali Empire expands westward and conquers Tekrur.
* The poet Petrarch coins the term Dark Ages to describe the preceding 900 years in Europe, beginning with the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 through to the renewal embodied in the Renaissance.
* The Scots win the Scottish Wars of Independence.
* Union of Krewo between Poland and Lithuania.* Work begins on the Great Enclosure at Great Zimbabwe, built of un-cemented, dressed stone. The city's population is now between 10,000 and 40,000.
* Beginning of the Renaissance in Italy
* The English word "abacus" used to describe the calculating device from China.
* Wang Dayuan, the first Chinese to sail into the Mediterranean while visiting Egypt and North Africa from1334 to 1339.
* The Kalmar Union is established in 1397, uniting Norway, Sweden and Denmark into one kingdom.
* Foundation of Tenochtitlan, Aztec capital city, in the valley of Mexico.
* Iwan vault, Jamé Mosque of Isfahan, Isfahan, Persia (Iran), is built.
* Louis the Great of Hungary (king: 1342–1382) King of Hungary, Croatia, Dalmatia,Jerusalem, Sicily and Poland from 1370. He led campaigns From Lithuania to Southern Italy, From Poland to Northern Greece. He had the greatest military potential of the century with his enormous armies.(Often over 100,000 men)
* Osman I (1258–1326, Osman Gazi or Osman Bey or I.Osman or Osman Sayed II) leader of the Ottoman Turks, founder of the dynasty that established and ruled the Ottoman...