Typing class

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1. Words per minute, commonly abbreviated wpm, is a measure of input or output speed.
For the purposes of WPM measurement a word is standardized to five characters or keystrokes.[1] For instance, "I run" counts as one word, but "rhinoceros" counts as two. "Let's talk" would also be considered two words because the space key counts as a keystroke.
The benefit of a standardized measurement ofinput speed is that it enables comparison across language and hardware boundaries. For example, the speed of an Afrikaans-speaking operator in Cape Town can be compared with a French-speaking operator inParis.[dubious – discuss]
Contents [hide] * 1 Alphanumeric entry * 2 Numeric entry * 3 Handwriting * 4 Reading and comprehension * 5 Speech and listening * 6 See also * 7 References* 8 External links |
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[edit]Alphanumeric entry
In one study of average computer users, the average rate for transcription was 33 words per minute, and only 19 words per minute for composition.[2] In the same study, when the group was divided into "fast", "moderate" and "slow" groups, the average speeds were 40 wpm, 35 wpm, and 23 wpmrespectively.
An average professional typist reaches 50 to 70 wpm, while some positions can require 80 to 95 (usually the minimum required for dispatch positions and other time-sensitive typing jobs), and some advanced typists work at speeds above 120.[3][citation needed] Two-finger typists, sometimes also referred to as "hunt and peck" typists, commonly reach sustained speeds of about 37 wpm for memorizedtext, and 27 wpm when copying text but in bursts may be able to reach up to 60 to 70 wpm. Some people can type upwards of 70 wpm with two fingers.[4]
A less common measure of the speed of a typist, CPM is used to identify the number of characters typed per minute. This is a common measurement for typing programs, or typing tutors, as it can give a more accurate measure of a person's typing speedwithout having to type for a prolonged period of time. The common conversion factor between WPM and CPM is * 5. It is also used occasionally for associating the speed of a reader with the amount they have read. CPM has also been applied to 20th century printers, but modern faster printers more commonly use PPM (pages per minute).
The fastest typing speed ever, 216 words per minute, was achieved byStella Pajunas-Garnand from Chicago in 1946 in one minute on an IBM electric.[5][6][7][8]
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[edit]Numeric entry
The Numeric Entry or 10 key speed is a measure of one's ability to manipulate the numeric keypad found on most keyboards. It is used to measure speed for jobs such as data entry of number information on items such as remittance advice,bills, or checks.[9] It is measured in "Keystrokes per hour", or KPH. Many jobs will require a certain KPH, often 8,000 or 10,000.[10]
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[edit]Handwriting
The average human being hand-writes at 31 words per minute for memorized text and 22 words per minute while copying.[4]
Using stenography (shorthand) methods, this rate increases greatly.Handwriting speeds of up to 282 wpm have been achieved in shorthand competitions.[11]
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[edit]Reading and comprehension
Words per minute is a common metric for assessing reading speed and is often used in the context of remedial skills evaluation, as well as in the context of speed reading, where it is a controversial measure of reading performance.
Aword in this context is the same as in the context of speech.
The average American adult reads prose text at 250 to 300 words per minute. While proofreading materials, people are able to read at 200 wpm on paper, and 180 wpm on a monitor.[12]
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[edit]Speech and listening
Audiobooks are recommended to be 150–160 words per minute, which is the...
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