Artificial Intelligence

Páginas: 36 (8847 palabras) Publicado: 3 de octubre de 2012
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Artificial intelligence
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"AI" redirects here. For other uses, see Ai.
For other uses, see Artificial intelligence (disambiguation).
| It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Synthetic intelligence. (Discuss) Proposed since July 2012. |
Artificial intelligence (AI) isthe intelligence of machines and the branch of computer science that aims to create it. AI textbooks define the field as "the study and design of intelligent agents"[1] where an intelligent agent is a system that perceives its environment and takes actions that maximize its chances of success.[2] John McCarthy, who coined the term in 1955,[3] defines it as "the science and engineering of making intelligentmachines."[4]
AI research is highly technical and specialized, deeply divided into subfields that often fail to communicate with each other.[5] Some of the division is due to social and cultural factors: subfields have grown up around particular institutions and the work of individual researchers. AI research is also divided by several technical issues. There are subfields which are focused on thesolution of specificproblems, on one of several possible approaches, on the use of widely differing tools and towards the accomplishment of particularapplications. The central problems of AI include such traits as reasoning, knowledge, planning, learning, communication, perception and the ability to move and manipulate objects.[6] General intelligence (or "strong AI") is still among the field'slong term goals.[7] Currently popular approaches include statistical methods, computational intelligence and traditional symbolic AI. There are an enormous number of tools used in AI, including versions of search and mathematical optimization, logic, methods based on probability and economics, and many others.
The field was founded on the claim that a central property of humans,intelligence—the sapience of Homo sapiens—can be so precisely described that it can be simulated by a machine.[8] This raises philosophical issues about the nature of the mind and the ethics of creating artificial beings, issues which have been addressed by myth, fiction and philosophy since antiquity.[9] Artificial intelligence has been the subject of optimism,[10] but has also suffered setbacks[11] and, today, hasbecome an essential part of the technology industry, providing the heavy lifting for many of the most difficult problems in computer science.[12]

Parrafo en espanol
Se ha sugerido que este artículo o sección sea fusionado con inteligencia sintética. (Hable) propuesta desde julio de 2012.

La inteligencia artificial (AI) es la inteligencia de las máquinas y la rama de la informática quepretende crearlo. Libros de texto AI definir el campo como "el estudio y diseño de agentes inteligentes" [1], donde un agente inteligente es un sistema que percibe su entorno y realiza acciones que maximicen sus posibilidades de éxito. [2] John McCarthy, quien acuñó el término en 1955, [3] la define como "la ciencia y la ingeniería de hacer máquinas inteligentes". [4]
AI investigación es altamentetécnico y especializado, profundamente dividido en subcampos que a menudo no se comunican entre sí [5] Parte de la división se debe a factores sociales y culturales:. Subcampos han crecido alrededor de las entidades y la labor de los investigadores individuales. AI investigación también está dividida por varios problemas técnicos. Hay subcampos que se centran en la solución de specificproblems, en unode los varios enfoques posibles, en el uso de herramientas muy diferentes y hacia el logro de particularapplications. Los problemas centrales de la IA incluye características tales como el razonamiento, el conocimiento, la planificación, el aprendizaje, la percepción de la comunicación, y la capacidad de moverse y manipular objetos. [6] La inteligencia general (o "IA fuerte") sigue siendo...
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