Ethics are necessary to survive in society, they help us to be oriented on how to behave with other living beings, especially humans, many philosophers talk about this science that it’salso call moral philosophy. This field involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong behavior. Philosophers today usually divide ethical theories into three generalsubject areas: meta-ethics, normative ethics, and applied ethics. Meta-ethics investigates where our ethical principles come from, and what they mean. Normative ethics takes on a more practical task,which is to arrive at moral standards that regulate right and wrong conduct. Finally, applied ethics involves examining specific controversial issues, such as abortion, infanticide, animal rights,environmental concerns, homosexuality or other sexual themes like zoophile, capital punishment, socialism, or nuclear war, etc.
By using the meta-ethics and normative ethics, discussions in applied ethicstry to resolve these controversial issues. The lines of distinction between meta-ethics, normative ethics, and applied ethics are often blurry. For example, the issue of abortion is an applied ethicaltopic since it involves a specific type of controversial behavior. But it also depends on more general normative principles, such as the right of self-rule and the right to life, which are litmustests for determining the morality of that procedure. The issue also rests on meta-ethical issues such as, “where do rights come from?” and “what kinds of beings have rights?” No one can tell if it is a100% right or wrong, it depends on the different points of view.
Aristotle posited an ethical system that can be called "self-realizationism". In Aristotle's point of view, when a person acts inaccordance with his nature and realizes his full potential, he will do well and be content. At birth, a baby is not a person, but a potential person. To become a "real" person, the child's inherent...
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