Exxon Valdez oil spill ,occurred in Alaska, the 24th March 1989 ,when the Exxon Valdez, an oil tanker, struck Prince William Sound's Bligh Reef and spilled a lot of crude oil to thesea.
Where did it happen?
It happened in Alaska, in Prince William Sound's Bligh Reef.
How did the oil spread?
They oil spread really quickly .In three days the oil moved really fast to thesouth ,until it reached 470 miles south approximately ,from the place where it started to spread.
How much was the wildlife affected?
The Exxon Valdez oil spill was not the biggest in theworld, but was the one that more affected the wildlife. It killed an estimated 250,000 seabirds, 2,800 sea otters, 300 harbor seals, 250 bald eagles, up to 22 killer whales, and an unknown number of salmonand herring. Only two species, bald eagles and river otters, have recovered from the spill, according to government scientists who work for the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Trustee Council.
Photos ofaccident and spill
How was it cleaned up and how much did it cost?
They had to clean up 10 million gallons of spilled oil. It took company officialsnearly 10 hours after the accident to deploy booms to contain the spill. To clean many oiled shorelines after the spill, workers used high-pressure hot-water washing; a method where oil is hosed frombeaches, collected within floating boom, and then skimmed from the water's surface.
The cleanup effort cost the company $2.5 billion and Exxon company was forced to pay out $1.1 billion in varioussettlements. A 1994 federal jury also fined Exxon an additional $5 billion for its imprudence.
How good was recovery?
There survived 37 sea otters. They were taken into zoos. There, most ofthem died, years later or days later.
Most of the ones that died in captivity over the past 10 years suffered "remarkably similar" fates to the ones that died while being treated in Valdez in the...
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