Simple Present Tense: it is used to express actions which we do everyday or all the time (habits or routines). This tense also describes general factual situations. Finally, it can also be used to express future intention.
a. Habits and routines:
I do my homework every night.
You go shopping on Fridays.
We get up early every morning.
She drives to work everyday.
b.Facts / general factual situations:
My cat sleeps on my bed
People like pizza a lot
We need a new car.
Everybody wants peace.
c. Future intention:
We have a party tomorrow.
They finish in one hour.
I go to the park this afternoon.
Everybody comes to my house this weekend.
One of the main characteristics of the simple present tense is that the third personsingular (he, she, it) takes an “-s” or “-es” depending on the ending of that verb. For example:
To believe He believes I / We believe
Believe She believes Believe You Believe
It believesThey believe
Add “-es” to the following endings: “-sh”, “-ch”, “-s”, “-x”, “-z”, “-o”. for example:
Fish = Fishes Catch = Catches Pass= Passes Fix = Fixes
Buzz = Buzzes Do = does
Pay special attention to verbs ending in “-Y”. Two things can happen. For example: vowel + Y = “-s”, consonant + y = “ies”. For example:
Buy = Buys Worry = Worries Study =Studies Pay = Pays
Notice the following irregular verbs:
Have has To be are
Made by Professor Meil Carmona
Complete the following sentences withcorrect form of the verbs in parentheses in simple present tense.
Example: (take) He takes breakfast at eight everyday.
a. (Live) Mary lives in Madrid.
b. (Live) I ________________ downtown.
c. (Do) Peter _______________ his homework every night.
d. (Do) They _______________ the laundry on weekends.
e. (Like) Tony and I ________________ to watch baseball games on TV.
f. (Like)My mother ________________ to cook alone.
g. (Give) My parents ________________ a lot of advice.
h. (Give) Carmen ________________ her a candy.
i. (Come) The mail _______________ at noon.
j. (Have) The little boy ________________ his toys on the floor.
Change the following verbs to third person singular:
Pay = pays Miss Swim
Fix Wish Be
Rise Teach DriveCarry Push Go
Undergo Travel Fly
Change the sentences to negative form. Then change them to yes / no questions.
a. The sun revolves around the earth.
Answer: the sun does not (doesn´t) revolve around the earth.
Does the sun revolve around the earth?
b. People speak Japanese in China.
c. I want to learn Spanish.
d. Plumbers fix cars.
e.Mechanics fix sinks and toilets.
f. It snows in the desert.
g. Santa Claus comes on July 25th.
h. The sun rises in the east.
i. We live in Antarctica.
Answer the following questions. First short, then full.
a. Do you drive to class?
Answer: yes, I do. I always take Route 66.
b. Are you from Japan?
c. Is today Wednesday?
d. Do elephants have large ears?e. Do you like Mexican food?
f. Does your teacher speak Spanish?
g. Is this class easy?
h. Where does your family live?
i. Do you eat lunch at home everyday?
Made by Professor Meil Carmona
Make information questions (wh).
a. Where is my book?
On my desk. (my book is on my desk)
To class. (I...
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