As we know, President Hugo Chavez from Venezuela, has established a new form of government, called for himself, 21st century socialism, a kind of project for all latin american countries, fighting against United States of America, and the Capitalism. Socialismis a political ideology that designates those theories and policies advocated political and economic system based on ownership and management of production systems and social control (partial or complete) of economic and political sectors. However, in practice the de facto meaning of socialism has been changing over time.
Although it is a pretty loaded political term,it remains strongly linked with the establishment of an organized working class, created either by revolution or social progress, with the aim of building a classless society, which is why today most of Socialism is identified with the Marxist and communist tenets. It also has focused recently on the social reforms of modern democracies. The socialist concept and term refers to a group ofideologies, an economic system or a state that exists or existed.
What is the Bolivarian Revolution?
The Bolivarian Revolution can be defined as a process of transformation characterized by four macrodynamics:
1. Anti-imperialist revolution,
2. Bourgeois-democratic revolution,
4. The intention of reaching a socialist society of the 21st century.
Each of these dynamics is a war front in which the Revolution can succeed or be defeated. The dynamic anti-imperialist is antagonistic to the Monroe Doctrine and the imperialist interests of the European Union. The bourgeois-democratic dynamic is antagonistic to the neoliberaldynamic, because it means:
a) The construction of a rule of law and
a) The development of productive forces.
Both strengths and needs collide with entrenched interests. In the field, for example, landowners have murdered 138 peasant leaders, with absolute impunity, by the complicity of prosecutors, judges and police and military. Not one of themurderers are in jail.
Similarly, development of productive forces affects powerful national and transnational monopoly interests. Despite the hoaxes, the so-called "endogenous development" of “Bolivarianismo” is nothing new or represent a theoretical mystery. It was invented by the English 200 years ago and copied, by its success, by the Germans, Japanese, Asian tigersand now China. Highlighting different facets, has been called developmentalism, ECLAC, import substitution, social market economy, socialist spiritual or Keynesianism. This is a market economy, focused and energized by the corporate state in the past and today for a more democratic state.
In the contemporary Third World, this is the only possible economic developmentpath for a popular project. It is the lesser evil against neoliberalism. With regional democratic development is no possibility to escape underdevelopment. With neoliberalism, the destination is Africa. A third way does not exist. For socialism is not objective conditions at this time. Have to be developed in line with democratic development. This is what Hugo Chavez is doing.But What is the "21st Century Socialism '? A new utopia, the foundations of a new project or simply a retouched version of the 'old socialism'? According to Hugo Chávez said "We are committed to direct the Bolivarian Revolution towards socialism and to contribute to the path of socialism, a socialism of the XXI century is based on solidarity, fraternity, love, freedom and equality , and...