It is worth mentioning the situation in which IT was developed at the late 70’s and the beginning of the 80’s. By that time, first PC’s came out, such as IBM 5100 (1975), Apple II(1976), Commodore PET (1977), although with very basic functions they were highly priced.
A new need arouse in society, there was a huge potential market in personal computers and all thesetechnological companies battled one another to take over the market.
However in 1980, IBM fixed this objective for themselves, but they knew that they would need a good operative system. The favorite one wasthe CP/M, that although it was created by Digital Research, they thought it was by Microsoft, a recently launched company.
When they realized of this, they went to visit Digital Research althoughthey were not well welcome. So Bill Gates took positions and later he was asked for a software more powerful than the CP/M. He accepted with one condition, the software would not be sold, but licensed.Actually, Gates did not have any system to offer, but he had time enough to buy the QDOS Operative System for $50,000, from Seattle Computer Products. The product had not been very successful andGates offered it to IBM later. After this, IBM executives were quite surprised by the system that Gates announced as MS-DOS.
Finally on August 12th 1981, IBM launched the IBM PC at $3,285 and they tookover the market. By December 1984 they had sold 250,000 units, a very remarkable figure for that time.
Companies had been focusing on producing the whole product, hardware and software, and by thisalliance they gained the market, IBM focusing on hardware and Microsoft in software, creating more synergies that their rivals (Gary Kildall, owner of Seattle Computer Products was hired by Microsoft,to develop new versions of the system).
Other companies, as Apple with huge success in current times, lagged behind Microsoft. As it is well known, the personal confrontation of the founder of...