Location: China is the largest country entirely in Asia. China is bordered by Russia, India, Afghanistan, Bhutan, Myanmar, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Macau (semi-autonomous), Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Tajikistan, and Vietnam.
Capital: Beijing is the capital of China.
Size: China covers about 9,596,960 square kilometers. China isthe fourth largest country in the world (after Russia, Canada, and the USA).
Population: China has the largest population of any country in the world. The population of China is about 1,321,851,000 (as of July, 2007). China is divided into 23 provinces, 5 autonomous regions, and 4 municipalities.
Flag: China's flag is red with five golden-yellow stars.
Climate: China's climate ranges fromdesert to tropical to subarctic.
Major Rivers: The major rivers in China are the Yangtse River, the Yellow River, and the Pearl River.
Mountain Ranges: The highest mountain range in the world, the Himalayas, borders China. Other major mountain ranges in China are the Ch'ang-pai Mountains, theTsinling Mountains, and the Nan range.
Highest Point: The highest point in China is Mount Everest(8,850 m tall), in the Himalayas.
Lowest Point: The lowest point in China is Turpan Pendi (the Turpan Depression), 154 meters (505 feet) below sea level. It is located in northwestern China.
The Olympic Games:
Summer 2008 in Beijing, China
Winter 2010 in Vancouver, Canada
Beijing, China, hosts the 2008 Summer Olympics. For information on China, click here. For a page on China's flag, clickhere. The opening ceremonies are on August 8, 2008; the closing ceremonies are on August 24, 2008.
The 2008 Summer Olympics will be held in Beijing, China; the 2010 Winter Olympics will be held in Vancouver, B.C., Canada.
The Ancient Olympics:
The ancient Greeks dedicated the Olympic Games to the god Zeus. The original games were held on the plain of Olympia in Peloponnesos, Greece.
TheGreeks held the first Olympic games in the year 776 BC (over 2700 years ago), and had only one event, a sprint (a short run that was called the "stade"). The race was run by men who competed in the nude. A wreath of olive branches was placed on the winner's head (in Greek, this is called a kotinos). The olive tree was the sacred tree of Athens, Greece.
Women were neither allowed to compete in thegames nor to watch them, because the games were dedicated to Zeus and were therefore meant for men.
The four-year period between the Olympic games was called an olympiad. Every four years, for 1,170 years, the Greeks held an Olympics, which continued to grow and change. Many other sports were added, including other races, wrestling, boxing, pentathlon (five events, including the long jump, javelinthrow, discus throw, foot race, and wrestling), and equestrian events (events with horses and people, like chariot races and horse races) The Olympic games were banned by the Byzantine Emperor Theodosius II in the year AD 394.
The Flag of the Olympic Games:
The flag of the Olympic Games has five interlocking rings (blue, yellow, black, green, and red) on a white ground. The rings represent thefive parts of the world that were joined together in the Olympic movement: Africa, the Americas, Asia, Australia and Europe.
Pierre de Frédy, Baron de Coubertin (1863-1937), a French educator and sportsman, revived the Olympic Games in 1896; the all-male 1896 games were held in Athens, Greece. Baron de Coubertin designed the flag of the Olympics in 1913-1914.
The Olympic flag was first usedin the 1920 Olympic Games in Antwerp, Belgium. The Olympic flag is paraded during the opening ceremony of each Olympic Games. At the end of an Olympics, the mayor of the host-city presents the flag to the mayor of the next host-city. The flag will remain in the town hall of the next host-city until the next Olympic Games, four years later.
History of the Olympic Flame
The tradition of the...