Canaima National Park is located in the south-east of Venezuela in Bolívar State close to the borders with Brazil and Guyana. The park protects the north-western section of theGuayana Shield, an ancient geological formation shared with Brazil, the Guianas and Colombia. The park was established in 1962 with an area of 10,000km², but its size was increased to 30,000km² in1975 in order to safeguard the watershed functions of its river basins. The name of the park, which derives from the novel "Canaima" by Venezuelan author Rómulo Gallegos, means "spirit of evil" in thelanguage of the Pemón, local inhabitants of the park.
The best-known feature of Canaima National Park are its characteristic flat-topped mountain formations known as tepuis from the local indigenousname. These mountains were popularised in several novels. The most widely recognised of these novels is The Lost World by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, which describes the ascent of a South American plateauinhabited by prehistoric plants and dinosaurs. The place that was described was mainly Roraima, located on Venezuela's border with Brasil and Guiana, is the highest of the tepuis (flat-toppedmountains) in the Gran Sabana, topping out at 2810 m.
Angel Falls is just one of the five great adventure regions of Venezuela. The water comes in a free fall of 979 meters from the Churum river hovering ofthe edge of the "Auyantepuy" Table mountain, this is the largest Tepuy (table mountain) in Canaima Venezuela. This height makes it the highest waterfall in the world. This fall is named for JimmyAngel, an adventurous pilot from Missouri, United States, who flew to the air circus Lindberg. James Crawford Angel (Jimmy Angel) is a modern legend. He saw the waterfall for the first time in 1933 withhis partner while searching for the legendary McCracken River of Gold, or the Golden City.
The traditional inhabitants of the south-east of Venezuela, including Canaima National Park, are the Pemón...