Art nouveau

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Born in Lyon in 1867, Hector Guimard was an important French architect, interior designer and designer of Art nouveau objects. Hector Guimard studied from 1882 to 1885 at the École Nationale des Arts Décoratifs in Paris and then in 1889 an der École des Beaux-Arts. He subsequently traveled through Belgium and England. In Brussels Guimard saw the buildings only recently designed by the Belgiandesigner Victor Horta, whose conception of art would exert a lasting influence on his own work. Hector Guimard's first project was to design the interior of the "Au Grand Neptune" restaurant in Paris. This was followed by several commissions for private dwellings in Paris and environs. His most important work and masterpiece was the Paris dwelling Castel Béranger, 60 rue La Fontaine (1894-1897). Hisbest-known works are likely to be the entrances to the Paris Métro, which was completed just in time for the 1900 World Exposition. This innercity marvel of technological progress is framed by ornamental, organic natural forms. By 1903 Hector Guimard had designed numerous Métro entrances in the Art nouveau style, featuring wrought iron, bronze and glass, of which eighty-six have survived to thepresent day. Hector Guimard is regarded as the leading exponent of the Art nouveau style, which is often called the "Style Guimard" in France. The creation of Castel Béranger is documented in Hector Guimard's portfolio "L'art dans l'Habitation Moderne" (1898) with designs and photographs of his works. Advocating the unity of architecture and spatial art more coherently and cogently than anyone else,Guimard conceived his buildings as total works of art. Hector Guimard's conception of design excluded no element of daily living. No detail was unimportant to him. Hector Guimard did not produce his first standardized furniture designs for mass production until 1920. However, with the rise of the Art déco style and the concomitant changes in formal intention, which Hector Guimard refused tofollow, his designs went out of fashion. In 1938 Hector Guimard emigrated to New York, where he died in 1942.
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Nacido en Lyon en 1867, Héctor Guimard fue un importante arquitecto francés, diseñador de interiores y diseñador de objetos Art Nouveau. Hector Guimard studied from 1882 to 1885 at the École Nationale des Arts Décoratifs in Paris and then in 1889 an der École des Beaux-Arts.Hector Guimard estudió desde 1882 hasta 1885 en la École Nationale des Arts Décoratifs de París y luego en 1889 an der École des Beaux-Arts. He subsequently traveled through Belgium and England. Posteriormente viajó a través de Bélgica e Inglaterra. In Brussels Guimard saw the buildings only recently designed by the Belgian designer Victor Horta, whose conception of art would exert a lastinginfluence on his own work. En Bruselas Guimard vio los edificios recientemente diseñado por el diseñador belga Victor Horta, cuya concepción del arte que ejercería una influencia duradera en su propia obra. Hector Guimard's first project was to design the interior of the "Au Grand Neptune" restaurant in Paris. primer proyecto de Hector Guimard fue diseñar el interior de la "Au Grand Neptuno"restaurante en París. This was followed by several commissions for private dwellings in Paris and environs. Esto fue seguido por varias comisiones de viviendas particulares en París y sus alrededores. His most important work and masterpiece was the Paris dwelling Castel Béranger, 60 rue La Fontaine (1894-1897). Su obra más importante y la obra maestra fue la vivienda de París Castel Béranger, 60 rue LaFontaine (1894-1897). His best-known works are likely to be the entrances to the Paris Métro, which was completed just in time for the 1900 World Exposition. Sus obras más conocidas son probablemente las entradas al Metro de París, que se terminó justo a tiempo para la Exposición Universal de 1900. This innercity marvel of technological progress is framed by ornamental, organic natural forms. Este...
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