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  • Publicado : 9 de febrero de 2011
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El decálogo del Consenso de Washington se integra por las políticas siguientes:
o Disciplina fiscal
o Reorientación del gasto público hacia áreas de alto rendimiento económico y potencial paramejorar la distribución del ingreso
o Reforma fiscal
o Liberalización de las tasas de interés
o Tipo de cambio competitivo
o Liberalización comercial
o Apertura a la inversión extranjeradirecta
o Privatización
o Desregulación
o Garantías a los derechos de propiedadhttp://www.iij.derecho.ucr.ac.cr/archivos/documentacion/inv%20otras%20entidades/CLAD/CLAD%20IX/documentos/huerta.pdf
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Washington ConsensusThe phrase “Washington Consensus” is today a verypopular and often pilloried term in debates about trade and development. It is often seen as synonymous with “neoliberalism” and “globalization.” As the phrase’s originator, John Williamson, says:“Audiences the world over seem to believe that this signifies a set of neoliberal policies that have been imposed on hapless countries by the Washington-based international financial institutions and have ledthem to crisis and misery. There are people who cannot utter the term without foaming at the mouth.” [1]Williamson originally coined the phrase in 1990 “to refer to the lowest common denominator ofpolicy advice being addressed by the Washington-based institutions to Latin American countries as of 1989.” [2] These policies were: * Fiscal discipline * A redirection of public expenditurepriorities toward fields offering both high economic returns and the potential to improve income distribution, such as primary health care, primary education, and infrastructure * Tax reform (to lowermarginal rates and broaden the tax base) * Interest rate liberalization * A competitive exchange rate * Trade liberalization * Liberalization of inflows of foreign direct investment *...
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