An architect is a person trained in the planning, design and oversight of the construction of buildings, and is licensed to practice architecture. To practice architecture means to offeror render services in connection with the design and construction of a building, or group of buildings and the space within the site surrounding the buildings, that have as their principal purposehuman occupancy or use. Etymologically, architect derives from the Latin architectus, itself derived from the Greek arkhitekton (arkhi-, chief + tekton, builder), i.e. chief builder.Professionally, an architect's decisions affect public safety, and thus an architect must undergo specialized training consisting of advanced education and a practicum (or internship) for practical experience toearn a license to practice architecture. The practical, technical, and academic requirements for becoming an architect vary by jurisdiction (see below).
The terms architect and architecture are alsoused in the disciplines of landscape architecture, naval architecture and information technology (for example a software architect). In most of the world's jurisdictions, the professional and commercialuses of the term "architect", outside of the etymological variants noted, is legally protected.
Architects in practice
The practice of architecture involves offering or rendering services thatinclude pre-design services, programming, planning, providing designs, drawings, specifications and other technical submissions, the administration of construction contracts and the co-ordination of anyelements of technical submissions prepared by others (such as by engineers) and technical designers.
Architecture is a business in which technical knowledge, management, and an understanding ofbusiness are as important as design. An architect accepts a commission from a client. The commission might involve preparing feasibility reports, building audits, the design of a building or of several...