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Hitler joined the German Workers' Party, precursor of the Nazi Party in 1919 and became leader of this, the NSDAP in 1921. In 1923, after the pronouncement Bürgerbräukeller pub in Munich, Hitler attempts an insurrection, known as the Beer Hall Putsch. Theuprising failed and Hitler is sentenced to five years in prison. During his stay in prison writes the first part of his book Mein Kampf (My Struggle) in which exposes their ideology along with autobiographical elements. Released eight months later, in 1924, Hitler gets getting increasing popular support through the exaltation of Pan-Germanism, antisemitism and
Adolf Hitler"Hitler" redirects here. For other uses, see Hitler (disambiguation).
Adolf Hitler |
Adolf Hitler (German: [ˈadɔlf ˈhɪtlɐ] ( listen); 20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was an Austrian-born German politician and the leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party(German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (NSDAP), commonly referred to as the Nazi Party). He was chancellorof Germany from 1933 to 1945 and dictator of Nazi Germany (as Führer und Reichskanzler) from 1934 to 1945. Hitler was at the centre of the founding of Nazism, the start of World War II, and the Holocaust.
A decorated veteran of World War I, Hitler joined the German Workers' Party, precursor of the Nazi Party, in 1919, and became leader of the NSDAP in 1921. In 1923, he attempted acoup d'état,known as the Beer Hall Putsch, in Munich. The failed coup resulted in Hitler's imprisonment, during which time he wrote his memoir, Mein Kampf (My Struggle). After his release in 1924, Hitler gained popular support by attacking the Treaty of Versailles and promoting Pan-Germanism, antisemitism, and anticommunism with charismatic oratory and Nazi propaganda. After his appointment as chancellor in1933, he transformed theWeimar Republic into the Third Reich, a single-party dictatorship based on the totalitarianand autocratic ideology of Nazism. His aim was to establish a New Order of absolute Nazi German hegemony in continental Europe.
Hitler's foreign and domestic policies had the goal of seizing Lebensraum ("living space") for the Germanic people. He directed the rearmament of Germany andthe invasion of Polandby the Wehrmacht in September 1939, leading to the outbreak of World War II in Europe. Under Hitler's rule, in 1941 German forces and their European allies occupied most of Europe and North Africa. By 1943, Hitler's military decisions led to escalating defeats. In 1945 the Allied armies successfully invaded Germany. Hitler's supremacist and racially motivated policies resultedin the systematic murder of eleven million people, including an estimated six million Jews.
In the final days of the war, during the Battle of Berlin in 1945, Hitler married his long-time mistress, Eva Braun. On 30 April 1945, less than two days later, the two committed suicideto avoid capture by the Red Army, and their corpses were burned.
Hitler's father, Alois Hitler (1837–1903),was the illegitimate child of Maria Anna Schicklgruber. The baptismal register did not show the name of Alois's father, so Alois bore his mother's surname. In 1842 Johann Georg Hiedler married Anna. After she died in 1847 and he in 1856, Alois was brought up in the family of Hiedler's brother, Johann Nepomuk Hiedler. It was not until 1876 that Alois was legitimated and the baptismal registerchanged by a priest before three witnesses. While awaiting trial at Nuremberg in 1945, Nazi official Hans Frank suggested the existence of letters claiming that Alois' mother was employed as a housekeeper for a Jewish family in Graz and that the family's 19-year-old son, Leopold Frankenberger, had fathered Alois. However, no Frankenberger, Jewish or otherwise, was registered in Graz during that...