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Cholera likely has its origins in the Indian subcontinent. The disease first spread by trade routes (land and sea) to Russia in 1817, then to Western Europe, and from Europe to North America.
Therehave been seven cholera pandemics in the past 200 years, with the seventh originating in Indonesia in 1961.
cholera became one of the most widespread and deadly diseases of the 19th century, killingan estimated tens of millions of people.
1 Cholera is a serious infectious disease caused by the bacteria Vibrio cholerae, which affects the intestinal system of the body. An infected personexperiences severe vomiting, explosive diarrhea and severe dehydration. Without immediate medical treatment, cholera may result in death within four to twelve hours after symptoms begin. Due to a large lossof body fluids, cholera is gruesome in the way that it leaves survivors in their physical appearance, as well as in the biological toll it takes on the body.
3 Cholera is very contagious. It isspread by the unintentional consumption of infected feces that contaminate food and water. It can also be spread through human to human contact. Some people have been infected with cholera by eating rawor undercooked shellfish.
Cholera is easily treated with fluids and antibiotics. When antibiotics are unavailable, which is commonly the case in areas that are plagued by cholera, a simple mixture ofwater and glucose for rehydration is life saving. Cholera usually resolves itself after a period of time; the danger is the severe dehydration that quickly causes death.
one to five days afteringestion of the bacteria. 10–20 litres of diarrhea a day
2 low blood pressure, poor skin turgor (wrinkled hands), sunken eyes, and a rapid pulse, Children are also more susceptible with two to four yearolds having the highest rates of infection, blood type, with those with type O blood being the most susceptible. Persons with lower immunity such as persons with AIDS or children who are malnourished...
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