Between 1910 and 1920 Mexico was rocked by a series of fights and riots known as the Mexican revolution, which sought to transform the political and social system created by Porfirio Diaz. The Mexican Revolution, which helped form contemporary Mexico, did not have a homogeneous nature, but consisted of a series of revolutions and internal conflicts, featuring variouspolitical and military leaders that succeeded in governing the nation. Originally, the first attempts at revolution, inspired by Francisco I. Madero, sought the overthrow of Porfirio Diaz, who had remained in power for over thirty years. After the triumph of the timber, the necessary reconstruction of the country was hampered by disputes between revolutionary factions themselves.
After Madero'sassassination, there were new battles in which triumphed Venustiano Carranza, who promulgated the 1917 constitution, decisive step towards the organization of the postrevolutionary state. However, the most radical revolution the struggle continued until 1920.
Madero Revolution The Mexican Revolution was born in a panorama of dissatisfaction against the elitist and oligarchical policies ofPorfirio Diaz, who had favored the more privileged strata, especially the large landowners and industrial capitalists. Although the country enjoyed economic prosperity, continued reelection of Diaz caused the rising political dissatisfaction among the middle classes, while the benefits of prosperity had not reached the poorest groups of society.
Madero, a wealthy landowner in the north,proposed a political compromise whereby Diaz and that would keep the presidency from the vice presidency, he would begin a process of reform. After the rejection of the proposal Díaz, Madero was nominated presidential candidate for elections in 1910 by Antirreeleccionista Party, which included intellectuals like Filomeno Mata and Jose Vasconcelos.
Diaz did stop his opponent and declared himself winnerof the fraudulent elections in June, but Madero escaped from prison and published in the Texas town of San Antonio his famous plan of San Luis Potosí, in which he denounced electoral fraud and incited the population to join an uprising on 20 November. Surveys were scarce on the date indicated, but the call helped to encourage further rebellion in various parts of Mexico. In the north, Chihuahua,Pascual Orozco and Francisco (Pancho) Villa, with a makeshift troops began raiding government garrisons and in the south, in Morelos, Emiliano Zapata led a bloody campaign against the local caciques.
Other prominent revolutionary outbreaks were Sonora, Maytorena, and Zacatecas.
Little by little he sank the Diaz regime, whose army, led by military aged, failed to meet the revolutionaryguerrillas. In the spring of 1911, after the fall of Ciudad Juárez, Díaz was forced to resign and hand over power to Madero.
Madero Presidency After a brief interim government, Madero was elected president in October 1911. Initially the scheme was received with enthusiasm by the people, but was soon faced with the discontent of the peasants, who were demanding land reform, and thelandowners, who wanted to stifle the radicalism of the followers of Zapata. In November 1911, it revolted against Madero Morelos because of the delay in the restitution of land to indigenous communities, a point which had been agreed in the plan of San Luis. Also, Orozco Chihuahua opted for armed struggle against the resistance to implement agrarian reform and nationalizing the railroad.
On the otherhand, the sectors loyal to ousted Diaz system, and the United States, which were threatening its commercial interests and petroleum also contributed to destabilizing the Madero government.
Tensions reached the limit when the revolt broke out of Felix Diaz, nephew of Porfirio Diaz, who clashed with federal troops of General Victoriano Huerta in Mexico City itself. On February 18, 1913, after...