On this paper I will focus on the historical and contemporary connection between Japan and Latin America, following the process to try to understand the relation between Chile and Japan, and how these two countries with more than 17,000km away farness get connected.
The relation between Japan and Latin America has a long history in the past and keep in our present time. Howeverthe question is does Japanese Influence in Latin America related to historical facts only?
I will focus on this question, looking at Chile’s case towards Japan. How the relation started, and what was the reason to start a relation.
It is said that the relation between Chile and Japan has last more than one hundred years. Why? How? Who make it possible?
Focusing on the contemporaryChile-Japan relation, I will research on the phenomenon of the Japanese pop culture which has been spread all over the world.
Nowadays in Chile, you can see Japanese singer and group giving concerts, and whole events regarding to the Japanese pop culture.
A fact that would not be thought twenty years ago, however the situation changed not only in Chile but in the whole South America.
What make itpossible? And what is the view of the locals towards this foreign impact?
During my research I interview few people as well, asking the following statement:
With the purpose of getting the main idea of the first impression that certain people have about the topic.
From Japan to Latin America…
Historical point of view
According to Toake Endoh on this book, ExportingJapan: politics of emigration toward Latin America The Japanese people started to migrate to other countries during the 1800’s due to the Sino-Japanese war consequences, the bad economic of Japan at that moment and the lack of job opportunities in the country,
The first migrants went to Hawaii, the others went to other parts of the United States and Canada. However, as migrants were over theexpected in the United states and Canada as well, the government of both countries at that moment decided to set a immigrant policy to the Japanese immigration, In Canada a limit of “159 Japanese per year” was settled, meanwhile in the United States, the so called “Gentlemen agreement” (1907), “U.S.-Japanese understanding, in which Japan agreed not to issue passports to emigrants to the UnitedStates, except to certain categories of business and professional men. In return, President Theodore Roosevelt agreed to urge the city of San Francisco to rescind an order by which children of Japanese parents were segregated from white students in the schools”(1) letting many Japanese with no other option but to sink for new lands to immigrate. Here is when the Japanese government decided to put moreeffort to the immigration of Japanese people to Latin American countries.
Quote(1) 2001/07/15 taken from:
Japan gave impetus to begin migration to Latin America after the country signed Treaties of Friendship and Trade, and encouraged the “出稼ぎ” inorder to alleviate the problems that Japan was dealing with for example the war, over population and the lack of job opportunities inside the country. Thousands of families responded to the call and dispersed throughout the world in search of employment that Japan was unable to offer.
Mexico, Brazil, Peru were the host countries receiving more Japanese immigrants. The first place, Mexicomaintained the immigration for few years only, because some of the Japanese migrants went to Mexico not to migrate there but to stay there and look for the opportunity to go to the United States, due to this condition the migration to Mexico was not successful.
After the years pass through the Japanese colony in Brazil was a success and many Japanese family start their life there, Peru as well become...