LONDON METROPOLITAN UNIVERSITY

WAR CONFLICT IN COLOMBIA

MARTA LUCIA ALVAREZ GALVIS
MA INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND GLOBALISATION
ESSAY – GIP064N
DECEMBER 15th, 2009
Introduction
One of theoldest conflicts in the world is the War Colombian conflict. Even if the period called La Violencia during the 50's is excluded, we are discussing roughly 40 years of armed struggle in this territorywith most of the same rebel groups. Nevertheless, naturally in such a long time the intensity and nature of the conflict has changed and fluctuate between periods of low intensity and war.
Accordingto most of the analysts, from the 1980's until today, Colombia has been experiencing the highest waves of violence due to the convergence of several forms of non-state violence challenging the state(drug traffickers, several guerrillas, and militia). The armed conflict in the past 50 years has shaped the physiognomy of public relations and the domestic economic situation causing severerestrictions on democratic participation.
The main purpose of this essay is to analyze the origins and principal causes of the conflict;, as well as the main participants in the conflict, their attemptresolution and an attempt to explain why conflict resolution in Colombia failed.
Background
A better understanding of the armed conflict in Colombia, it is necessary to go back several decades and learnabout key historical events that have marked of war and death. According to Vanden ( 2006), the traditional political parties in the country have been the Liberal Party and the Conservative Party.Between 1863 and 1885, the Liberal Party ruled under a constitution that was a federalist, and liberal ideas. Meanwhile, from 1886 to 1930, the Conservative Party centrally governed under aconstitution, which restored the privileges of the Church.
Nevertheless, in 1930, there was an internal division of the Conservative Party in presidential elections, which allowed the Liberal candidate won... [continua]

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