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Official name: Arab Republic of Egypt
Capital: Cairo
Location: Officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, a country in north-eastern Africa bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Israeland the Red Sea to the east, Sudan to the south, and Libya to the west. The principal geographic feature of the country is the Nile River.
Religion: Islam is the official religion, and about 90percent of all Egyptians are Muslims, most of them members of the Sunni sect. According to official Egyptian estimates, the Coptic Orthodox church, a Christian denomination, has no more than 3 millionadherents and constitutes the largest religious minority; Copts themselves claim some 7 million members. An estimated 1 million people belong to the Greek Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Armenian, and variousProtestant churches. The country has a very small Jewish community.
Currency: The unit of currency is the Egyptian pound. The Egyptian pound is written E£, and is divided into 100 piastres.Language: The official language is Arabic, but English is widely spoken in commerce and government.
Type of governments: republic, a representative democracy in which the people's elected deputies(representatives), not the people themselves, vote on legislation.
Natural Resources: mainly refer to the oil and gas of Egypt. The oil reserves of Egypt draw huge annual revenues from its export profits.There are of course other natural resources as well. These include iron ore, phosphate, limestone, manganese, talc, zinc, asbestos and gypsum. However, the analysis of the Egyptian natural resources wouldremain incomplete without the consideration of those resources, which had been bringing prosperity to the land of Egypt in the ancient times of Pharoic domination.
* The Oil and Natural Gas ofEgypt
The newly discovered oilfields in the Mediterranean seabed have opened up fresh opportunities for reviving the country's oil export business. The 3.7 million barrel reserve that Egypt...
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