HOW MANY / HOW MUCH
We use "How many" for questions using countable or plural objects Example: How many books do you have?
We use "How much" for questions using a non-countable or singular object Example: How much juice is left?
En ingles cuando queremos preguntar acerca de la cantidad de un sustantivo incontable, usamos la estructura:
“How much + sustantivo + is there?Ejemplo: How much milk is there ? = ¿ cuanta leche hay ?
Si queremos preguntar acerca de la cantidad de un sustantivo contable, usamos la estructura:
“ How many + sustantivo + are there ?
Ejemplo: How many oranges are there ? = ¿ Cuantas naranjas hay ?
How much? es cuanto
How many? es cuantos
TRANSLATES THE FOLLOWING EXAMPLES
1. How much water is there?
2. How much petrol do we need?3. How much milk is there in chocolate?
4. How many chairs do we need?
5. How many children are in the class?
6. How much money do you need?
7. How many books have you read?
8. How much coffee do we have?
9. How many cookies do we have?
10. How many cups of coffee do you drink?
11. How many cars do you have?
12. How much is this car?
13. How much money doyou have?
14. How many dogs are there?
15. How much milk is there?
16. How many tickets do you want?
17. How many people are there?
18. How many cats are there in the street?
19. How many boys have got a pencil?
20. How many computers are in your office?
21. How many dogs are there in the park?
22. How many students are there in your class?
23. How manycountries are there in South America?
24. How many Star Wars films are there?
THERE IS / THERE ARE
We use there is and there are to say that something exists.
We use there is for singular and there are for plural.
* There is one table in the classroom.
* There are three chairs in the classroom.
* There is a spider in the bath.
* There are manypeople at the bus stop.
The negative is formed by putting not after is or are:
* There is not a horse in the field.
* There are not eight children in the school.
* There is not a tree in the garden.
* There are not two elephants in the zoo.
To form a question we place is / are in front of there.
* Is there a dog in the supermarket? - No, thereisn't.
* Are there any dogs in the park? - Yes, there are.
* Is there a security guard in the shop? - Yes, there is.
* Are there any polar bears in Antarctica? - No, there aren't.
* Is there any ice-cream in the freezer? - Yes, there is.
TRANSLATES THE FOLLOWING EXAMPLES
1. There are nine cats on the roof.
2. There are only five weeks until Christmas.
3. There isa chair in the bedroom.
4. There are two chairs in the bedroom
5. There is a book on the table.
6. There are books on the table.
7. There is not a book on the table.
8. There are not books on the table.
9. Is there a book on the table?
10. Are there books on the table?
MUCH / MANY / A LOT OF / LOTS OF / FEW / LITTLE
MUCH OR MANY
much: uncountable nouns(milk, marmalade, money, time etc.)
many: countable nouns (bottles of milk, jars of marmalade, dollars, minutes etc.)
How much money have you got?
How many dollars have you got?
A LITTLE OR A FEW
a little: non countable nouns (milk, marmalade, money, time etc.)
a few: countable nouns (bottles of milk, jars of marmalade, dollars, minutes etc.)
He has a little moneyleft.
He has a few dollars left.
Los cuantificadores indican la cantidad de un nombre. Son repuestas a la pregunta "¿Cuántos?" Al igual que los artículos, los cuantificadores definen a un nombre y siempre están situados delante del nombre. Se pueden usar algunos sólo con nombres contables, otros sólo con nombres incontables y otros con ambos.
Cuantificador | Contable | Incontable |