Articles in English are invariable. That is, they do not change according to the gender or number of the noun they refer to, e.g. the boy, the woman, the children
1. to refer to something which has already been mentioned.
Example: An elephant and a mouse fell in love.
The mouse loved the elephant's long trunk,
and the elephant loved the mouse's tinynose.
2. when both the speaker and listener know what is being talked about, even if it has not been mentioned before.
Example: 'Where's the bathroom?'
'It's on the first floor.'
3. in sentences orclauses where we define or identify a particular person or object:
Examples: The man who wrote this book is famous.
'Which car did you scratch?' 'The red one.
My house is the one with a blue door.'4. to refer to objects we regard as unique:
Examples: the sun, the moon, the world
5. before superlatives and ordinal numbers: (see Adjectives)
Examples: the highest building, the first page, thelastchapter.
6. with adjectives, to refer to a whole group of people:
Examples: the Japanese (see Nouns - Nationalities), theold
7. with names of geographical areas and oceans:Examples: the Caribbean, the Sahara, the Atlantic
8. with decades, or groups of years:
Example: she grew up in the seventies
A / AN
Use 'a' with nouns starting with a consonant (letters that arenot vowels),
'an' with nouns starting with a vowel (a,e,i,o,u)
An before an h mute - an hour, an honour.A before u and eu when they sound like 'you': a european, a university,a unit
The indefinite article is used:
* to refer to something for the first time:
An elephant and a mouse fell in love.
Would you like a drink?I've finally got a good job.
* to refer to a particular member of a group or class
* with names of jobs:
John is a doctor.
Mary is training to be an engineer.